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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Controlling population structure in the genomic prediction of tropical maize hybrids

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Lyra, Danilo Hottis [1, 2] ; Correia Granato, Italo Stefanine [1] ; Pinho Morais, Pedro Patric [1] ; Alves, Filipe Couto [1] ; Marcondes dos Santos, Anna Rita [1] ; Yu, Xiaoqing [3] ; Guo, Tingting [3] ; Yu, Jianming [3] ; Fritsche-Neto, Roberto [1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Genet, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Rothamsted Res, Dept Computat & Analyt Sci, Harpenden, Herts - England
[3] Iowa State Univ, Dept Agron, Ames, IA 50011 - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: MOLECULAR BREEDING; v. 38, n. 10 OCT 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0

In tropical maize breeding programs where more than two heterotic groups are crossed, factors such as population structure (PS) can influence the achievement of reliable estimates of genomic breeding values (GEBVs) for complex traits. Hence, our objectives were (i) to investigate PS in a set of tropical maize inbreds and their derived hybrids, and (ii) to control PS in genomic predictions of single-crosses considering two scenarios: applying (1) the traditional GBLUP (GB) and four adjustment methods of PS in the whole group, and (2) homogeneous- (A-GB), within- (W-GB), multi- (MG-GB), and across-group (AC-GB) analysis in stratified groups. Three subpopulations were identified in the inbred lines and hybrids based on fineSTRUCTURE results. Adding four different sets of PS as covariates to the prediction model did not improve the predictive ability (r). However, using non-metric multidimensional scaling and fineSTRUCTURE group clustering increased the reliability of GEBV estimation for grain yield and plant height, respectively. The W-GB analysis in the stratified groups resulted in low r, mostly due to the reduction of training size. On the other hand, A-GB and MG-GB showed similar r for both traits. However, MG-GB presented higher broad sense genomic heritabilities compared to A-GB, efficiently controlling heterogeneity of marker effects between subpopulations. The r of the AC-GB method was low when predicting groups genetically distant. We conclude that predicting hybrid phenotypes by using PS covariates and multi-group analysis in stratified clusters may be an efficient method, increasing reliability and predictive ability, respectively. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/24135-2 - Genome-Wide Association Studies for nitrogen use efficiency and its components in tropical maize lines
Grantee:Roberto Fritsche Neto
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/26326-2 - Accuracy of non-additive models of genomic selection for nitrogen use efficiency in tropical maize hybrids
Grantee:Danilo Hottis Lyra
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/14376-8 - Accuracy of non-additive models and population structure of genomic selection in maize
Grantee:Danilo Hottis Lyra
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate