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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Experimental sporotrichosis in a cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppressed mice model

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Manente, Francine Alessandra [1] ; Quinello, Camila [1] ; Ferreira, Lucas Souza [1] ; de Andrade, Cleverton Roberto [1] ; Jellmayer, Juliana Aparecida [1] ; Portuondo, Deivys Leandro [1] ; Batista-Duharte, Alexander [1] ; Carlos, Iracilda Zeppone [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Medical Mycology; v. 56, n. 6, p. 711-722, AUG 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 5

This report describes a model of host resistance for Sporothrix schenckii, an opportunistic fungi in immunosuppressed mice with cyclophosphamide (CY) to be used in studies of immunotoxicology and immunopharmacology. Two doses of CY were administered intraperitoneally: 200 mg/kg and a booster of 150 mg/kg at 9-day intervals. Three days after the first dose of CY the animals were infected subcutaneously with 1.8 x 10(8) yeast/ml (S. schenckii ATCC 16345). At 7 and 14 days post-infection, the animals were euthanized and analyzed the fungal load by unit forming colony count in the spleen and popliteal lymph nodes. The relative weight of thymus and spleen, splenic index, the frequency of T and B cells in spleen by flow cytometry, the hind paw inflammation index and cytokine (interleukin {[}IL]-17, IL-10, and interferon {[}IFN]-gamma) profile were measured. Histopathological studies of the spleen and the hind paw were also assessed. The immunosuppression status was confirmed at the evaluated days by reduction of relative weight of thymus, reduction of the splenic white pulp, the population of B and T lymphocytes, and the cytokine profile in the treated mice with CY in comparison with nontreated groups, associated to higher fungal load in hind paw and spleen in the infected mice. The described model reveals an increasing in susceptibility to infection and severity when associated with immunosuppression. This model can serve as a reference for studies of S. schenckii host resistance in pharmaceutical and toxicological studies. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/04023-0 - Evaluation of activated isogenic dendritic cells and imiquimod as therapeutic alternative in sporotrichosis on immunosuppressed and immunocompetent animals
Grantee:Iracilda Zeppone Carlos
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/00914-5 - Vaccination with activated dendritic cells in the prophylaxis of experimental sporotrichosis in immunosuppressed mice
Grantee:Camila Cristina Quinello Gomes de Faria
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral