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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Non-invasive Measurements of Oilseed Temperature in Soil and Soil Thermal Diffusivity Using Time-Domain NMR Relaxometry

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Author(s):
Carosio, Maria G. A. [1] ; Bernardes, Diego F. [2] ; Carvalho, Andre de S. [3] ; Colnago, Luiz A. [2]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Av Trabalhador Sao Carlense 400, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] EMBRAPA Instrumentacao, Rua 11 Novembro 1452, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Fine Instrument Technol, Rua Laura Villani Piovesan 130, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: APPLIED MAGNETIC RESONANCE; v. 49, n. 10, p. 1119-1127, OCT 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Global warming is threatening food production in tropical areas, because the increase of soil temperature may limit seed germination and plant growth. Soil temperature and thermal diffusivity () have been measured using the conventional thermometry. In this study, we are demonstrating that time-domain nuclear magnetic resonance (TD-NMR) relaxometry can be a non-invasive method to determine oilseed temperature in soils and soil thermal diffusivity (). The correlation between oilseed transverse relaxation times (T-2) and seed temperature has been used to measure the temperatures of intact oilseed in soil samples. To calculate soil thermal diffusivity, spherical soil samples with 7cm in diameter containing a macadamia nut in the center were heated to 70 degrees C and then placed in an air bath at room temperature. values were calculated using the time constant of oilseed temperature decay, measured by TD-NMR and sample dimensions. The values of dry entisol, yellow oxisol, and red oxisol soils were 1.89x10(-7), 1.52x10(-7), and 1.03x10(-7)m(2)s(-1), respectively. These values were within the same order of magnitude range observed for the values measured by both thermocouple and Dickerson methods. The values of dry and moist typic hapludox were 1.16x10(-7) and 2.29x10(-7)m(2)s(-1), respectively. Therefore, TD-NMR is shown to be a feasible method to measure seed temperature in soils and soil thermal diffusivity, and is a potential non-invasive tool to investigate the effect of temperature on seed germination and seedling. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/22126-9 - Development of time domain NMR spectrometers and methods for chemical analyses in field
Grantee:Luiz Alberto Colnago
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/09734-1 - Methodology to measure temperature in intact seeds in soils by NMR
Grantee:Maria Gabriela Aparecida Carosio
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 11/14099-3 - Use of Time Domain - NMR for the characterization of high viscosity organic systems
Grantee:Fabiana Diuk de Andrade
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate