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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Nanocomposites of acid free CNC and HDPE: Dispersion from solvent fat driven by fast crystallization/gelation

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Novo, Lisias Pereira [1] ; da Silva Curvelo, Antonio Aprigio [2] ; Felix Carvalho, Antonio Jose [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Sch Engn, Mat Engn Dept, Av Joao Dagnone 1100, BR-13563120 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Chem Sao Carlos, Phys Chem Dept, Av Trabalhador Sao Carlense 400, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR LIQUIDS; v. 266, p. 233-241, SEP 15 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Among several applications, the use of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) as reinforcement in composite materials with thermoplastic matrix stands out. However, both the conventional method for CNC production and the processes for composite production with non-water-soluble matrix show several drawbacks. The common method for CNC preparation based on the hydrolysis of cellulose with high concentrated sulfuric acid produces sulfated nanocrystals with low thermal stability and generates large amounts of acidic effluents. Although the presence of ionic groups on the surface of the nanocrystals prepared in sulfuric acid increases the stability of their suspensions in water, it promotes the degradation of the CNC in melt processing temperatures of thermoplastic composites, such as extrusion or injection molding. Here we describe the use of high thermal stable cellulose nanocrystal prepared by subcritical water as reinforcement for high density polyethylene (HDPE) using a three step processing: i) solvent exchange in order to produce a suspension of CNC in xylenes, ii) dissolution of HDPE followed by iii) the fast crystallization/gelation/flocculation, leading to the isolation of the composite. This process leads to the production of a well-dispersed nanocomposite with higher thermal stability (higher than 250 degrees C) and improved mechanical properties. An increase of similar to 20% in Young's modulus was observed when compared with the neat matrix. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/07370-6 - Evaluation of cellulose nanocrystals obtained via acid-free hydrolysis (subcritical water) for application in polymer composites
Grantee:Lísias Pereira Novo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral