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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Molecular detection of Bartonella spp. and Rickettsia spp. in bat ectoparasites in Brazil

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do Amaral, Renan Bressianini [1, 2] ; Lourenco, Elizabete Captivo [3] ; Famadas, Katie Maria [3] ; Garcia, Amanda Barbosa [1, 2] ; Machado, Rosangela Zacarias [1, 2] ; Andre, Marcos Rogerio [1, 2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Sch Agr & Veterinarian Sci, Lab Immunoparasitol, Dept Vet Pathol, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Sch Agr & Veterinarian Sci, Agr & Livestock Microbiol Graduat Program, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[3] UFRRJ, Inst Vet, Dept Anim Parasitol, Lab Parasite Arthropods, Seropedica, RJ - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 13, n. 6 JUN 5 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 3

The family Streblidae comprises a monophyletic group of Hippoboscoidea, hematophagous dipterans that parasitize bats. Bartonella spp. and Rickettsia spp. have been reported in bats sampled in Europe, Africa, Asia, North, Central and South America. However, there are few reports on the Bartonella and Rickettsia bacteria infecting Hippoboscoidea flies and mites. While Spinturnicidae mites are ectoparasites found only in bats, those belonging to the family Macronyssidae comprise mites that also parasitize other mammal species. This study investigates the occurrence and assesses the phylogenetic positioning of Bartonella spp. and Rickettsia spp. found in Streblidae flies and Spinturnicidae and Macronyssidae mites collected from bats captured in Brazil. From May 2011 to April 2012 and September 2013 to December 2014, 400 Streblidae flies, 100 Macronyssidaes, and 100 Spinturnicidae mites were collected from bats captured in two sites in northeastern Nova Iguacu, Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Forty (19.8%) out of 202 Streblidae flies were positive for Bartonella spp. in qPCR assays based on the nuoG gene. Among the flies positive for the bacterium, six (18%) were Paratrichobius longicrus, seven (29%) Strebla guajiro, two (40%) Aspidoptera phyllostomatis, five (11%) Aspidoptera falcate, one (10%) Trichobius anducei, one (25%) Megistopoda aranea, and 18 (32%) Trichobius joblingi, and collected from bats of the following species: Artibeus lituratus, Carollia perspicillata, Artibeus planirostris, Stumira lilium, and Artibeus obscurus. Six sequences were obtained for Bartonella (nuoG {[}n = 2], gltA {[}n = 2], rpoB {[}n = 1], ribC = 1]). The phylogenetic analysis based on gltA (750pb) gene showed that the Bartonella sequences clustered with Bartonella genotypes detected in bats and ectoparasites previously sampled in Latin America, including Brazil. Only one sample (0.49%) of the species Trichobius joblingi collected from a specimen of Carollia perspicillata was positive for Rickettsia sp. in cPCR based on the gltA gene (401bp). This sequence was clustered with a `Candidatus Rickettsia andaenae{''} genotype detected in an Amblyomma parvum tick collected from a rodent in the southern region of Brazilian Pantanal. The sampled Macronyssidae and Spinturnicidae mites were negative for Bartonella spp. and Rickettsia spp. This study demonstrated the first occurrence of Bartonella spp. and Rickettsia spp. DNA in Streblidae flies collected from bats in Brazil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/14896-1 - Molecular detection and characterization of agents belonging to Anaplasmataceae e Bartonellaceae family in wild animals and ectoparasites in Brazil
Grantee:Marcos Rogério André
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/12574-0 - Molecular detection and characterization of Bartonella spp. in Streblidae flies and Macronyssidae and Spinturnicidae mites parasites of bats
Grantee:Renan Bressianini do Amaral
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master