Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Mutations close to a hub residue affect the distant active site of a GH1 beta-glucosidase

Full text
Souza, Valquiria P. [1] ; Ikegami, Cecilia M. [1] ; Arantes, Guilherme M. [1] ; Marana, Sandro R. [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Bioquim, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 13, n. 6 JUN 6 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

The tertiary structure of proteins has been represented as a network, in which residues are nodes and their contacts are edges. Protein structure networks contain residues, called hubs or central, which are essential to form short connection pathways between any pair of nodes. Hence hub residues may effectively spread structural perturbations through the protein. To test whether modifications nearby to hub residues could affect the enzyme active site, mutations were introduced in the beta-glycosidase Sf beta gly (PDB-ID: 5CGO) directed to residues that form an a-helix (260-265) and a beta-strand (335-337) close to one of its main hub residues, F251, which is approximately 14 angstrom from the Sf beta gly active site. Replacement of residues A263 and A264, which side-chains project from the alpha-helix towards F251, decreased the rate of substrate hydrolysis. Mutation A263F was shown to weaken noncovalent interactions involved in transition state stabilization within the Sf beta gly active site. Mutations placed on the opposite side of the same alpha-helix did not show these effects. Consistently, replacement of V336, which side-chain protrudes from a beta-strand face towards F251, inactivated Sf beta gly. Next to V336, mutation S337F also caused a decrease in noncovalent interactions involved in transition state stabilization. Therefore, we suggest that mutations A263F, A264F, V336F and S337F may directly perturb the position of the hub F251, which could propagate these perturbations into the Sf beta gly active site through short connection pathways along the protein network. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/19439-5 - Structural networks and functional properties in enzymes
Grantee:Sandro Roberto Marana
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/22365-9 - Enzyme structural network and dynamics
Grantee:Sandro Roberto Marana
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants