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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Hydrodynamic characteristics of particles with different roughness and deformability in a liquid fluidized bed

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Lopes, Gabriela C. [1] ; Bi, Xiatao [2] ; Epstein, Norman [2] ; Baldwin, Susan A. [2] ; Grace, John R. [2]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem Engn, Rod Washington Luiz, Km 235, SP 310, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ British Columbia, Dept Chem & Biol Engn, 2360 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3 - Canada
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Chemical Engineering Science; v. 185, p. 50-63, AUG 10 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

The effects of particle roughness and deformability on the fluid dynamics of liquid fluidized beds were investigated using a 190.5-mm-diameter column and particles with different surface finish and stiffness. Glass beads and plastic ``BBs{''} coated using different techniques were employed as the rigid particles, while cooked starch pearls (tapioca) and sodium alginate gel beads produced from different gelling solutions served as the deformable particles. The particles were characterized by measuring their densities, diameters, Young's moduli and coefficients of restitution. Terminal settling velocities were also measured by the free-falling method, and the bed voidages over a wide range of fluid flow rates were estimated from pressure drop measurements along the column height. Correlations for rigid smooth spheres under-estimated the single-particle terminal settling velocity for particles with many asperities, especially for the soft spheres. The Richardson-Zala equation, derived empirically for rigid particles, provided a satisfactory description of the liquid fluidized bed expansion, especially for rigid particles. Although the voidage deviations observed for the soft particles were less than 10%, the fluidization behavior of these particles was affected much more by the particle Stokes number than for rigid spheres. Though there is evidence in the literature that particle surface roughness is responsible for the deviation from predicted bed expansion in the fluidization of bioparticles, results presented in this study indicate that the mechanical properties of these soft particles can also be a major influencing factor. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/06548-6 - Hydrodynamic analysis of liquid-solid flow in fluidized beds for wastewater treatment
Grantee:Gabriela Cantarelli Lopes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research