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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Characterization of Cinnamyl Alcohol Dehydrogenase gene family in lignifying tissues of Tectona grandis L.f.

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Galeano, Esteban [1] ; Vasconcelos, Tarcisio Sales [1] ; Carrer, Helaine [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Ciencias Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: SILVAE GENETICA; v. 67, n. 1, p. 1-11, FEB 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) enzyme catalyzes the last step of monolignols synthesis in the lignin pathway. Tectona grandis (teak) is a tropical tree with high valuable timber. As there is few genetic information about lignin formation in teak, the purpose of this study is to characterize members of CAD family in this species. As methodology, PCR amplification using cDNA samples, vector cloning, sequencing, bioinformatics analyses and gene expression studies using real time RT-qPCR were performed. As results, four members (TgCAD1-TgCAD4) were obtained. Comparative analyses showed that all of them have conserved residues for catalytic zinc action, structural zinc ligation, NADPH binding and substrate specificity, consistent with the mechanism of alcohol dehydrogenases. Phylogenetic analysis showed thatTgCADs are present in three main classes and seven groups. Expression analyses revealed that TgCAD1 was highly expressed in leaves and could be related with pathogen defense. TgCAD2 was more expressed in branches and roots. Differently, TgCAD3 and TgCAD4 were highly expressed in juvenile and mature sapwood, suggesting a crucial role in wood development and lignin biosynthesis, with tissue-specialized expression profiles. Furthermore, TgCAD4 could be related with teak maturation for being more expressed in sapwood of mature teak trees. As conclusion, this work is the first to characterize genes of CAD family in Tectona grandis. These genes could be interesting to develop transgenic plants for basic research and field applications. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/06299-8 - Transcriptional profile analysis of lignified tissues in Tectona grandis L. f
Grantee:Esteban Galeano Gómez
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 10/19294-6 - CAD gene family characterization involved in wood formation tissues in Tectona grandis
Grantee:Tarcísio Sales Vasconcelos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation