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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Feedlot performance, feeding behavior and rumen morphometrics of Nellore cattle submitted to different feeding frequencies

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da Silva, Juliana [1] ; Barbosa Carrara, Tassia Veluma [2] ; Stefano Pereira, Murillo Ceola [2] ; de Oliveira, Cassiele Aparecida [1] ; Batista, Jr., Ivan Carlos [3] ; Mariano Watanabe, Daniel Hideki [3] ; Nagatani Rigueiro, Andre Luiz [2] ; Arrigoni, Mario De Beni [2] ; Millen, Danilo Domingues [3]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, FZEA, Dept Anim Sci, Av Duque Caxias Norte 225, BR-13635900 Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, FMVZ, Dept Anim Breeding & Nutr, R Prof Dr Walter Mauricio Correa S-N, BR-18618681 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, FCAT, Rod Cmte Joao Ribeiro Barros Km 651, BR-17900000 Dracena, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Scientia Agricola; v. 75, n. 2, p. 121-128, MAR-APR 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Owing to the lack of information in the literature about the ideal feeding frequency adopted by feedlot systems, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of different feeding frequencies on performance, carcass traits, feeding behavior and rumen morphometrics of Nellore cattle. Forty-eight yearling bulls were housed in individual pens with an average initial body weight of 358.2 kg. The experiment was designed as a completely randomized block and the treatments were the feeding of cattle one, two, three, or four times daily (n = 12 per treatment). Orthogonal contrasts were used to assess linear, quadratic and cubic relationship between feeding frequency and the dependent variable. As feeding frequency increased, final body weight (p = 0.03) and average daily gain (p = 0.01; one: 0.98 kg d(-1); two: 0.96 kg d(-1); three: 1.18 kg d(-1); four: 1.14 kg d(-1)) increased linearly and the feed: gain ratio decreased (p = 0.02). Also, as feeding frequency increased, hot carcass weight was affected cubically (p = 0.01; one: 246.9 kg; two: 243.0 kg; three: 263.1 kg; four: 258.1 kg). During the adaptation period dry matter intake variation was affected cubically (p = 0.05; one: 16 %; two: 23 %; three: 14 %; four: 16 %). Increases in feeding frequency affected papillae height (p < 0.01) and papillae surface area (p < 0.01) cubically, as well as producing increases in the mitotic index (p = 0.05; one: 9 %; two: 11 %; three: 13 %; four: 13 %) and cells in proliferation (p = 0.05) linearly. Thus, Nellore yearling bulls should be fed three times daily in feedlot operations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/02069-5 - Effects of different feeding frequencies on feedlot performance, carcass traits, feeding behavior, rumen health, and digestibility of feedlot Nellore cattle
Grantee:Danilo Domingues Millen
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants