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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Restoring Brazilian savanna ground layer vegetation by topsoil and hay transfer

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Lima Pilon, Natashi A. [1, 2] ; Buisson, Elise [3] ; Durigan, Giselda [4]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ciencias Biol, Av Dom Antonio 2100, BR-19806900 Assis, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Caixa Postal 6109, BR-13083865 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Aix Marseille Univ, IUT, IMBE Inst Mediterraneen Ecol & Paleoecol, Univ Avignon & Pays de Vaucluse, CNRS, IRD, Site Agroparc BP 61207, FR-84911 Avignon 09 - France
[4] Floresta Estadual Assis, Inst Florestal, Caixa Postal 104, BR-19802970 Assis, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: RESTORATION ECOLOGY; v. 26, n. 1, p. 73-81, JAN 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 17

Tropical grassy biomes have been widely neglected for conservation and, after unplanned land use conversion, ecological restoration becomes urgent. The majority of interventions have been based on the misapplication of forest restoration techniques, because there are no validated techniques to restore the species-rich ground layer. In search for innovative techniques to restore the herbaceous layer of the cerrado vegetation, we carried out an experiment based upon topsoil and hay transfer, in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The restoration treatments were: ( 1) transfer of topsoil collected at the end of the dry season; ( 2) topsoil collected at the end of the rainy season; ( 3) transfer of hay collected at the end of the dry season; ( 4) topsoil+hay collected at the end of the dry season; and ( 5) control. We used an old-growth grassland as source of material and as reference ecosystem to assess the efficacy of the restoration techniques applied to an area severely degraded after invasion by African grasses. After 211 days, hay transfer apparently inhibited germination and did not contribute to grassland vegetation recovery. Topsoil transfer, however, was effective at reintroducing herbaceous plants, including target species. The season of topsoil collection mattered: material collected at the end of the rainy season provided better results in terms of density and richness of the restored community than that from the dry season. The remaining challenge is to find sources of topsoil not invaded by exotic grasses in large enough amounts to support restoration initiatives without jeopardizing the source ecosystems. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/09048-3 - Evaluation of the potential of top soil and hay transfer to restore the grassland savanna
Grantee:Natashi Aparecida Lima Pilon
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation