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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A genome-wide association study reveals novel genomic regions and positional candidate genes for fat deposition in broiler chickens

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Monteiro Moreira, Gabriel Costa [1] ; Boschiero, Clarissa [1] ; Mello Cesar, Aline Silva [1] ; Reecy, James M. [2] ; Godoy, Thais Fernanda [1] ; Trevisoli, Priscila Anchieta [1] ; Cantao, Mauricio E. [3] ; Ledur, Monica Correa [3] ; Guaratini Ibelli, Adriana Mercia [3] ; Peixoto, Jane de Oliveira [3] ; Meira Tavares Moura, Ana Silvia Alves [4] ; Garrick, Dorian [5] ; Coutinho, Luiz Lehmann [1]
Total Authors: 13
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Anim Sci, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Iowa State Univ, Dept Anim Sci, Ames, IA - USA
[3] Embrapa Suinos & Ayes, Concordia, SC - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ, FMVZ, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[5] Massey Univ, Sch Agr, Hamilton - New Zealand
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: BMC Genomics; v. 19, MAY 21 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Background: Excess fat content in chickens has a negative impact on poultry production. The discovery of QTL associated with fat deposition in the carcass allows the identification of positional candidate genes (PCGs) that might regulate fat deposition and be useful for selection against excess fat content in chicken's carcass. This study aimed to estimate genomic heritability coefficients and to identify QTLs and PCGs for abdominal fat (ABF) and skin (SKIN) traits in a broiler chicken population, originated from the White Plymouth Rock and White Cornish breeds. Results: ABF and SKIN are moderately heritable traits in our broiler population with estimates ranging from 0.23 to 0.33. Using a high density SNP panel (355,027 informative SNPs), we detected nine unique QTLs that were associated with these fat traits. Among these, four QTL were novel, while five have been previously reported in the literature. Thirteen PCGs were identified that might regulate fat deposition in these QTL regions: JDP2, PLCG1, HNF4A, FITM2, ADIPOR1, PTPN11, MVK, APOA1, APOA4, APOA5, ENSGALG00000000477, ENSGALG00000000483, and ENSGALG00000005043. We used sequence information from founder animals to detect 4843 SNPs in the 13 PCGs. Among those, two were classified as potentially deleterious and two as high impact SNPs. Conclusions: This study generated novel results that can contribute to a better understanding of fat deposition in chickens. The use of high density array of SNPs increases genome coverage and improves QTL resolution than would have been achieved with low density. The identified PCGs were involved in many biological processes that regulate lipid storage. The SNPs identified in the PCGs, especially those predicted as potentially deleterious and high impact, may affect fat deposition. Validation should be undertaken before using these SNPs for selection against carcass fat accumulation and to improve feed efficiency in broiler chicken production. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/21380-9 - Genome wide association studies for fat deposition and carcass yield in chickens
Grantee:Gabriel Costa Monteiro Moreira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/00616-7 - Identification and characterization of CNVs in chicken genome and association with development of breast muscle
Grantee:Thaís Fernanda Godoy
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Grantee:Gabriel Costa Monteiro Moreira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/08704-0 - Identification of loci of interest for poultry production
Grantee:Luiz Lehmann Coutinho
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants