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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Acacia Changes Microbial Indicators and Increases C and N in Soil Organic Fractions in Intercropped Eucalyptus Plantations

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Pereira, Arthur P. A. [1] ; Zagatto, Mauricio R. G. [1] ; Brandani, Carolina B. [2] ; Mescolotti, Denise de Lourdes [1] ; Cotta, Simone R. [1] ; Goncalves, Jose L. M. [2] ; Cardoso, Elke J. B. N. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Soil Sci, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Soil Microbiol Lab, Piracicaba - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Forest Sci, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Piracicaba - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 8

Intercropping forest plantations of Eucalyptus with nitrogen-fixing trees can increase soil N inputs and stimulate soil organic matter (OM) cycling. However, microbial indicators and their correlation in specific fractions of soil OM are unclear in the tropical sandy soils. Here, we examined the microbial indicators associated with C and N in the soil resulting from pure and intercropped Eucalyptus grandis and Acacia mangium plantations. We hypothesized that introduction of A. mangium in a Eucalyptus plantation promotes changes in microbial indicators and increases C and N concentrations on labile fractions of the soil OM, when compared to pure eucalyptus plantations. We determined the microbial and enzymatic activity, and the potential for C degradation by the soil microbial community. Additionally, we evaluated soil OM fractions and litter parameters. Soil (0-20 cm) and litter samples were collected at 27 and 39 months after planting from the following treatments: pure E. grandis (E) and A. mangium (A) plantations, pure E. grandis plantations with N fertilizer (E+N) and an E. grandis, and A. mangium intercropped plantations (E+A). The results showed that intercropped plantations (E+A) increase 3, 45, and 70% microbial biomass C as compared to A, E+N, and E, at 27 months after planting. The metabolic quotient (qCO(2)) showed a tendency toward stressful values in pure E. grandis plantations and a strong correlation with dehydrogenase activity. A and E+A treatments also exhibited the highest organic fractions (OF) and C and N contents. A canonical redundancy analysis revealed positive correlations between microbial indicators of soil and litter attributes, and a strong effect of C and N variables in differentiating A and E+A from E and E+N treatments. The results suggested that a significant role of A. mangium enhance the dynamics of soil microbial indicators which help in the accumulation of C and N in soil OF in intercropped E. grandis plantations. Our results are mostly relevant to plantations in sandy soil areas with low levels of OM, suggesting and efficient method for improving nutrient availability in the soil and optimizing eucalyptus growth and development. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/16610-3 - Intercropped plantations of Eucalyptus grandis and Acacia mangium: nitrogen cycle microbiome in the soil and litter interface
Grantee:Arthur Prudêncio de Araujo Pereira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/01636-4 - The metagenome of mixed forests of Eucalyptus urograndis: taxonomic and functional diversity of soil microbiome associated with nitrogen cycling
Grantee:Arthur Prudêncio de Araujo Pereira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/16623-9 - Ecological intensification of eucalyptus plantations by association of nitrogen fixing leguminous tree species
Grantee:José Leonardo de Moraes Gonçalves
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants