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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Species- and density-dependent induction of volatile organic compounds by three mite species in cassava and their role in the attraction of a natural enemy

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Pinto-Zevallos, Delia M. [1] ; Bezerra, Ranna H. S. [1] ; Souza, Silvia R. [2] ; Ambrogi, Bianca G. [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Ecol, Lab Ecol Quim, Marechal Rondon S-N, BR-49100000 Sao Cristovao, SE - Brazil
[2] Ctr Pesquisa Ecol & Fisiol, Inst Bot, Ave Miguel Estefano Agua Funda, BR-09560500 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Experimental and Applied Acarology; v. 74, n. 3, p. 261-274, MAR 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 3

Upon damage by herbivores, plants induce an array of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that mediate ecological interactions involving communication with organisms of the second and third trophic levels. VOC-mediated tritrophic interactions have largely been studied in various systems, including cassava (Manihot esculenta), but little is known about the chemical nature of herbivore-induced VOCs in this crop and the response they evoke in natural enemies. Several tetranychid and predatory mites are associated with cassava. Here, VOC emissions from uninfested plants and plants infested with 200 or 400 Mononychellus tanajoa, a specialist herbivore on cassava, and the generalists Tetranychus urticae and T. gloveri were measured. Dual-choice experiments were also conducted to assess the preference of inexperienced (reared on prey-infested bean plants) and experienced (adapted on prey-infested cassava plants) predatory mites, Neoseiulus idaeus (Phytoseiidae), between odors of uninfested plants versus odors of plants infested with M. tanajoa, T. urticae or T. gloveri. Two hundred individuals significantly increased the emissions of (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, (E)-beta-ocimene, beta-caryophyllene, alloaromadendrene and (E)-geranyl acetone in T. urticae-infested plants, and (E)-beta-ocimene and methyl salicylate (MeSA) in T. gloveri-infested plants. Four hundred individuals significantly increased the emissions of (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol, MeSA, alpha-pinene and D-limonene in M. tanajoa-infested plants. In addition, T. urticae at this density induced (E)-beta-ocimene, D-limonene, (E)-geranyl acetone and six compounds that were not detected in other treatments. Tetranychus gloveri-infested plants induced the emissions of (E)-2-hexenal and D-limonene. Regardless of the infesting species, inexperienced N. idaeus did not discriminate between uninfested or infested plants. Upon experience, they discriminated between the odors of uninfested and T. urticae-damaged plants. Our findings reveal that mite infestations in cassava result in density-dependent and species-specific emission of VOCs, and that N. idaeus relies on associative learning to forage for its prey. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/11663-8 - Atmospheric ozone action on multiple functions of volatile organic compounds from native plants
Grantee:Silvia Ribeiro de Souza
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50871-0 - INCT 2014: National Institute of Science and Technology of Semiochemicals in Agriculture
Grantee:José Roberto Postali Parra
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants