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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genetic and Morphological Analyses Demonstrate That Schizolecis guntheri (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) Is Likely to Be a Species Complex

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Souza, Camila S. [1] ; Costa-Silva, Guilherme J. [1, 2] ; Roxo, Fabio F. [1] ; Foresti, Fausto [1] ; Oliveira, Claudio [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias Botucatu, Dept Morfol, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Santo Amaro, Dept Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN GENETICS; v. 9, MAR 2 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Schizolecis is a monotypic genus of Siluriformes widely distributed throughout isolated coastal drainages of southeastern Brazil. Previous studies have shown that fish groups found in isolated river basins tend to differentiate over time in the absence of gene flow, resulting in allopatric speciation. In this study, we used partial sequences of the mitochondrial gene COI with the analysis of the General Mixed Yule Coalescent model (GMYC) and the Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery (ABGD) for single locus species delimitation, and a Principal Component Analysis (PCA) of external morphology to test the hypothesis that Schizolecis guntheri is a complex of species. We analyzed 94 samples of S. guntheri for GMYC and ABGD, and 82 samples for PCA from 22 coastal rivers draining to the Atlantic in southeastern Brazil from the Parana State to the north of the Rio de Janeiro State. As a result, the GMYC model and the ABGD delimited five operational taxonomy units (OTUs - a nomenclature referred to in the present study of the possible new species delimited for the genetic analysis), a much higher number compared to the traditional alfa taxonomy that only recognizes S. guntheri across the isolated coastal rivers of Brazil. Furthermore, the PCA analysis suggests that S. guntheri is highly variable in aspects of external body proportions, including dorsal-fin spine length, pectoral-fin spine length, pelvic-fin spine length, lower caudal-fin spine length, caudal peduncle depth, anal width and mandibular ramus length. However, no exclusive character was found among the isolated populations that could be used to describe a new species of Schizolecis. Therefore, we can conclude, based on our results of PCA contrasting with the results of GMYC and ABGD, that S. guntheri represents a complex of species. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/00691-9 - Harnessing phylogenomic comparative methods to understand the diversification of fishes of the Loricarioidea superfamily
Grantee:Fábio Fernandes Roxo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 14/05051-5 - Harnessing phylogenomic comparative methods to understand the diversification of fishes of the superfamily Loricarioidea
Grantee:Fábio Fernandes Roxo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral