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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Strong functional integration among multiple parts of the complex male and female genitalia of stink bugs

Genevcius, Bruno C. [1] ; Schwertner, Cristiano F. [2]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Museum Zool MZUSP, Av Nazare 481, BR-04263000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, R Prof Artur Riedel 275, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society; v. 122, n. 4, p. 774-786, DEC 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Genitalia are among the most studied phenotypes because they exhibit high anatomical diversity, experience fast evolutionary rates and may be shaped by several evolutionary mechanisms. A key element to uncover the mechanisms behind such impressive diversity is their copulatory function. This topic has been overlooked, especially concerning structures not directly involved in sperm transfer and reception. Here, we conduct a hypothesis-driven experimental study to elucidate the operation of various external genital parts in five species of stink bugs with differing levels of phylogenetic relatedness. These insects are unique because their male and female genitalia are externally well developed, rigid and composed of multiple components. In contrast with their anatomical complexity and diversity, we show that genital structures work jointly to perform a single function of mechanical stabilization during copula. However, distinct lineages have evolved alternative strategies to clasp different parts of the opposite sex. In spite of a high functional correspondence between male and female traits, the overall pattern of our data does not clearly support an intersexual coevolutionary scenario. We propose that the extraordinary male genital diversity in the family is probably a result of a process of natural selection enhancing morphological accommodation, but we consider alternative mechanisms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/21104-1 - Patterns and processes of genital evolution in Pentatomidae: Pentatominae (Insecta, Hemiptera)
Grantee:Bruno Celso Feltrin Genevcius
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate