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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Aerosol distribution over Brazil with ECHAM-HAM and CAM5-MAM3 simulations and its comparison with ground-based and satellite data

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Alvim, Debora Souza [1, 2] ; Pendharkar, Jayant [1, 2] ; Capistrano, Vinicius Buscioli [1, 2] ; Frassoni, Ariane [1, 2] ; Enore, Diego Pereira [1, 2] ; de Menezes Neto, Otacilio Leandro [1, 2] ; Gutierrez, Enver Ramirez [1, 2] ; Choudhury, Ayantika Dey [3] ; Kubota, Paulo Yoshio [1, 2] ; da Silva, Josiane [1, 2] ; Correa, Sergio Machado [4] ; Nobre, Paulo [1, 2] ; Figueroa, Silvio Nilo [1, 2]
Total Authors: 13
[1] Natl Inst Space Res, Ctr Weather Forecasting & Climate Studies, Cachoeira Paulista, SP - Brazil
[2] Natl Inst Space Res, Earth Syst Sci Ctr CCST, Cachoeira Paulista, SP - Brazil
[3] Indian Inst Trop Meteorol, Pune 411008, Maharashtra - India
[4] Univ Estado Rio De Janeiro, Fac Technol, Resende, RJ - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION RESEARCH; v. 8, n. 4, p. 718-728, JUL 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 1

The accurate representation of the impacts of natural and anthropogenic aerosols in the climate system presents a challenge in General Circulation Models. This paper analyzes the performance of the aerosol component of two Atmospheric General Circulation Models (AGCM): the Europe Centre Hamburg Model - Hamburg Aerosol Model (ECHAM-HAM), and the Community Atmosphere Model - Modal Aerosol Model (CAM5-MAM3) and their comparison with aerosol observations. We analyzed the spatial distribution of aerosols over Brazil represented in terms of the aerosol optical depth (AOD) simulated by these models. The model results are compared to measurements from Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) ground station, and satellite observations provided by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). While both the models provide AODs at 550 nm, only HAM provides the Angstrom exponent that is compared with AERONET measurements. The comparison between the model simulations and the satellite observations of AOD show that the models can reproduce the spatial and temporal distributions, however models underestimate AOD for the four cities and for almost every South American continent during all seasons. During the dry season, characterized by intense biomass burning, CAM5-MAM3 shows inconsistent, but comparatively better results that ECHAM-HAM, with negative biases over Northern and Northeastern regions of Brazil. The Angstrom parameter is reasonably reproduced by ECHAM-HAM, except for Cuiaba, indicating that the particle size distribution is correctly represented in most cities. (c) 2017 Turkish National Committee for Air Pollution Research and Control. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/06411-5 - Evaluation of the chemical model MOZART in ECHAM-HAM (Germany) and CESM-MAM3 (USA) models for their insertion in the Brazilian Earth System Model (BESM)
Grantee:Debora Souza Alvim
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 14/03149-8 - The aerosol model implementation in the Brazilian terrestrial system model (BESM) and its validation with satellite data
Grantee:Jayant Pendharkar
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral