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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Molecular analysis of brazilian patients with combined pituitary hormone deficiency and orthotopic posterior pituitary lobe reveals eight different PROP1 alterations with three novel mutations

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Author(s):
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Lo Madeira, Joao [1] ; Nishi, Mirian Y. [1] ; Nakaguma, Marilena [1] ; Benedetti, Anna F. [1] ; Biscotto, Isabela Peixoto [1] ; Fernandes, Thamiris [2] ; Pequeno, Thiago [3] ; Figueiredo, Thalita [3] ; Franca, Marcela M. [1] ; Correa, Fernanda A. [1] ; Otto, Aline P. [1] ; Abrao, Milena [1] ; Miras, Mirta B. [4] ; Santos, Silvana [3] ; Jorge, Alexander A. L. [1, 5] ; Costalonga, Everlayny F. [2] ; Mendonca, Berenice B. [1] ; Arnhold, Ivo J. P. [1] ; Carvalho, Luciani R. [1]
Total Authors: 19
Affiliation:
[1] FMUSP, Disciplina Endocrinol, Lab Hormonios & Genet Mol LIM 42, Unidade Endocrinol Desenvolvimento, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Espirito Santo, Dept Clin Med, Fac Med, Vitoria, Espirito Santo - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paraiba, Nucleo Estudos Genet & Educ, Campina Grande, Paraiba - Brazil
[4] Hosp Ninos Santisima Trinidad Cordoba, Serv Endocrinol, Cordoba - Argentina
[5] FMUSP, Disciplina Endocrinol, Unidade Endocrinol Genet LIM 25, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY; v. 87, n. 6, p. 725-732, DEC 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

BackgroundMutations in PROP1, HESX1 and LHX3 are associated with combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) and orthotopic posterior pituitary lobe (OPP). ObjectiveTo identify mutations in PROP1, HESX1 and LHX3 in a large cohort of patients with CPHD and OPP (35 Brazilian, two Argentinian). Design and MethodsWe studied 23 index patients with CPHD and OPP (six familial and 17 sporadic) as well as 14 relatives. PROP1 was sequenced by the Sanger method in all except one sporadic case studied using a candidate gene panel. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was applied to one familial case in whom PROP1 failed to amplify by PCR. In the 13 patients without PROP1 mutations, HESX1 and LHX3 were sequenced by the Sanger method. ResultsWe identified PROP1 mutations in 10 index cases. Three mutations were novel: one affecting the initiation codon (c.1A>G) and two affecting splicing sites, c.109+1G>A and c.342+1G>C. The known mutations, c.150delA (p.Arg53Aspfs{*}112), c.218G>A (p.Arg73His), c.263T>C (p.Phe88Ser) and c.301\_302delAG (p.Leu102Cysfs{*}8), were also detected. MLPA confirmed complete PROP1 deletion in one family. We did not identify HESX1 and LHX3 mutations by Sanger. ConclusionPROP1 mutations are a prevalent cause of congenital CPHD with OPP, and therefore, PROP1 sequencing must be the first step of molecular investigation in patients with CPHD and OPP, especially in populations with a high frequency of PROP1 mutations. In the absence of mutations, massively parallel sequencing is a promising approach. The high prevalence and diversity of PROP1 mutations is associated with the ethnic background of this cohort. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/03236-5 - New approaches and methodologies in molecular-genetic studies of growth and pubertal development disorders
Grantee:Alexander Augusto de Lima Jorge
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/26563-7 - Molecular genetic diagnosis in patients with pituitary and gonadal developmental disorders and the use of models in vitro and in vivo to evaluate the functional effect of allelic variants identified by sequencing large scale
Grantee:Luciani Renata Silveira de Carvalho
Support type: Regular Research Grants