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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Sleep restriction during pregnancy and its effects on blood pressure and renal function among female offspring

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Author(s):
Argeri, Rogerio [1] ; Nishi, Erika E. [1] ; Volpini, Rildo A. [2] ; Palma, Beatriz D. [3, 4] ; Tufik, Sergio [4] ; Gomes, Guiomar N. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Escola Paulista Med, Dept Physiol, Rua Botucatu 862, 5th Floor, BR-04023900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Escola Paulista Med, Dept Psychobiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Ctr Univ Sao Camilo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Basic Res Lab, LIM12, Nephrol, Fac Med, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PHYSIOLOGICAL REPORTS; v. 4, n. 16 AUG 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

The influence of sleep restriction (SR) during pregnancy on blood pressure and renal function among female adult offspring was investigated. Pregnant Wistar rats were distributed into control and SR groups. The SR was performed between the 14th and 20th days of pregnancy (multiple platforms method for 20h/day). At 2months of age, half of the offspring from both groups were subjected to an ovariectomy (ovx), and the other half underwent sham surgery. The groups were as follows: control sham (C-sham), control ovx (C-ovx), SR sham (SRsham), and SR ovx (SRovx). Renal function markers andsystolic blood pressure (BPi, indirect method) were evaluated at 4, 6, and 8months. Subsequently, the rats were euthanized, kidneys were removed, and processed for morphological analyses of glomerular area (GA), number of glomeruli per mm(3) (NG), and kidney mass (KM). Increased BPi was observed in the C-ovx, SRsham, and SRovx groups compared to C-sham at all ages. Increased plasma creatinine concentration and decreased creatinine clearance were observed in the SRsham and SRovx groups compared to the C-sham and C-ovx groups. The SRovx group showed higher BPi and reduced creatinine clearance compared to all other groups. The SRovx group showed reduced values of GA and KM, as well as increased NG, macrophage infiltration, collagen deposit, and ACE1 expression at the renal cortex. Therefore, SR during pregnancy might be an additional risk factor for developing renal dysfunction and increasing BP in female adult offspring. The absence of female hormones exacerbates the changes caused by SR. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/23622-7 - Evaluation of cardiovascular and kidney functions of the offspring from rats subjected to sleep restriction during pregnancy
Grantee:Guiomar Nascimento Gomes
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants