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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Weak premating isolation between two parapatric brocket deer species

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Carranza, Juan [1, 2, 3] ; Roldan, Mar [2] ; Carvalho Peroni, Ellen de Fatima [2] ; Barbanti Duarte, Jose Mauricio [2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Agr Ecuador, Fac Med Vet & Zootecnia, Guayaquil - Ecuador
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista Unesp, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Nucleo Pesquisa & Conservacao Cervideos NUPECCE, Jaboticabal - Brazil
[3] Univ Cordoba, CRCP, Ungulate Res Unit, E-14071 Cordoba - Spain
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Mammalian Biology; v. 87, p. 17-26, NOV 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Brocket deer Mazama nemorivaga and M. gouazoubira occur at the Amazon basin and southern areas, respectively, in parapatric distribution ranges. Both species can interbreed in captivity, although hybrids have serious fertility problems. Therefore, we expect natural selection to favour behavioural barriers against interspecific mating. We carried out no-choice tests with individuals of both species in captivity, along with white-tailed deer (Odocoileous virginianus) as outgroup. Behaviours were video recorded and analysed by using Generalized Mixed models, with interacting females and males as random subjects. Trials never led to copulation when the white-tailed-deer male was involved. Copulations within brocket deer species were more likely to occur when the individuals belonged to the same species (82.4%) but they also occurred quite frequently in interspecific interactions (35.7%). We identified some courtship behaviours, in males and females, which associated with a higher copulation probability or showed differences in frequency when performed to partners of the same or different species. In conclusion, our results reveal that the occurrence of facilitating behaviours and copulations were more common in intraspecific interactions, evidencing discrimination between species, but also that the precopulatory barrier was not strong between both brocket deer species. (C) 2017 Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Saugetierkunde. Published by Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/50748-3 - The gray brockets in Brazil (Mammalia; Cervidae; Mazama): detection of the genetic, morphologic and ecologic variants to explain the complex evolution in this group
Grantee:José Maurício Barbanti Duarte
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants