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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Replacing corn with sorghum in the dietalters intestinal microbiota without altering chicken performance

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Fagundes, N. S. ; Pereira, R. ; Bortoluzzi, C. ; Rafael, J. M. ; Napty, G. S. ; Barbosa, J. G. M. ; Sciencia, M. C. M. ; Menten, J. F. M.
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND ANIMAL NUTRITION; v. 101, n. 5, p. e371-e382, OCT 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Sorghum grain can be used to replace corn in broiler diets. However, the effects related to an abrupt change between these grains are not yet clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance and intestinal health of broilers fed diets containing corn and/or sorghum during different periods of rearing. To accomplish this aim, 2100 male chicks were fed the following experimental diets: C100% (corn-based diet); S100% (sorghum-based diet); C:S50% (diet based on corn and sorghum 1:1); PC-S (corn-based diet in the pre-starter phase and sorghum-based diet in subsequent phases); and PS-C (sorghum-based diet in the pre-starter phase and corn-based diet in subsequent phases). The study was conducted with two simultaneous trials in a randomized block design as follows: a performance trial up to 40days occurred in floor pens (n=8), and the metabolism trial occurred in cages (n=10). Performance, jejunal morphometry, number of goblet cells, apparent metabolizable energy (AME), apparent metabolizable energy corrected for nitrogen (AMEn) and the coefficient of apparent metabolizability of dry matter (CMDM) of the diets, and the intestinal microbiota of small intestine and caeca at 10 and 21days of age (16S gene sequencing) were evaluated. The different experimental diets did not affect performance, jejunal epithelium, AME, AMEn or CMDM. However, the experimental diets altered the percentages of the genera Clostridium, Weissella, Bacillus and Alkaliphilus in the small intestine. In addition, the genera Lactobacillus and Desulfotomaculum in the caeca were altered. The age also affected the microbiota of the intestinal segments. In conclusion, feeding sorghum in place of corn as well as the grain change after the pre-starter phase does not alter broiler performance. However, sorghum alters the intestinal microbiota, resulting in a lower percentage of Clostridium and a higher percentage of Lactobacillus in the small intestine and caeca, respectively. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/01161-0 - Strategies of using grain sorghum for broilers: performance, intestinal health and apparent metabolizable energy
Grantee:José Fernando Machado Menten
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/00701-9 - Different strategies of using of sorghum for broilers: performance, intestinal health and apparent metabolizable energy
Grantee:Naiara Simarro Fagundes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate