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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of Lentinula edodes consumption on biochemical, hematologic and oxidative stress parameters in rats receiving high-fat diet

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Author(s):
Vieira Spim, Sara Rosicler ; Correa Chrispim de Oliveira, Bruna Giovanna ; Leite, Fernanda Gomes ; Gerenutti, Marli ; Grotto, Denise
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION; v. 56, n. 7, p. 2255-2264, OCT 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Purpose Functional foods can prevent/reduce the risks related to obesity. Lentinula edodes is a highly nutritious mushroom rich in protein, vitamins and minerals. Some studies have demonstrated the hypocholesterolemic effects from L. edodes in high doses, which does not represent the consumption in humans. We evaluated ingestion of a realistic dose of L. edodes associated with a high-fat diet (HFD) on hematologic, biochemical and oxidative stress parameters. Methods Eighteen male Wistar rats were divided into three groups: control (normal diet); HFD; and HFD + L. edodes (100 mg/kg/day). After 30 days, blood was collected. Biochemical and hematologic parameters were analyzed, as well as oxidative stress biomarkers. Results The HFD increased levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides. Lentinula edodes reduced these parameters significantly to concentrations found in the control group. The HFD increased levels of alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase (markers of liver damage). Lentinula edodes returned the levels of these enzymes to normal levels and normalized serum levels of urea (which were also increased owing to consumption of the HFD). Lentinula edodes reduced levels of urea and glucose. Lipid peroxidation was increased in rats receiving the HFD, and L. edodes reduced malondialdehyde levels, thereby preventing oxidation of fatty acids. Conclusions Lentinula edodes was shown to have hypolipidemic, hypoglycemic, hepatoprotective and renoprotective features in doses that are suitable for humans. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/05765-5 - Assessment of biochemical and antioxidant parameters in rats exposed to Lentinula edodes (shiitake) and its possible use in metabolic disturbances
Grantee:Denise Grotto
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants