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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Can the exposure of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apiadae) larvae to a field concentration of thiamethoxam affect newly emerged bees?

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Friol, Priscila Sepulveda ; Catae, Aline Fernanda ; Tavares, Daiana Antonia ; Malaspina, Osmar ; Roat, Thaisa Cristina
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Chemosphere; v. 185, p. 56-66, OCT 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 8

The use of insecticides on crops can affect non-target insects, such as bees. In addition to the adult bees, larvae can be exposed to the insecticide through contaminated floral resources. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the possible effects of the exposure of A. mellifera larvae to a field concentration of thiamethoxam (0.001 ng/mu L thiamethoxam) on larval and pupal survival and on the percentage of adult emergence. Additionally, its cytotoxic effects on the digestive cells of midgut, Malpighian tubules cells and Kenyon cells of the brain of newly emerged A. mellifera bees were analyzed. The results showed that larval exposure to this concentration of thiamethoxam did not influence larval and pupal survival or the percentage of adult bee emergence. However, this exposure caused ultra-structural alterations in the target and non-target organs of newly emerged bees. The digestive cell of bees that were exposed to the insecticide exhibited a basal labyrinth without long and thin channels and compromised mitochondria. In Malpighian tubules cells, disorganized basal labyrinth, dilated mitochondria with a deformed shape and a loss of cristae, and disorganized microvilli were observed. The results showed that the exposed bees presented Kenyon cells with alterations in the nucleus and mitochondria. These alterations indicate possible tissue degeneration, demonstrating the cytotoxicity of thiamethoxam in the target and non target organs of newly emerged bees. Such results suggest cellular organelle impairment that can compromise cellular function of the midgut cells, Malpighian tubules cells and Kenyon cells, and, consequently, can compromise the longevity of the bees of the whole colony. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/09691-1 - Effects of a relevant concentration of field of thiamethoxam in intestine and brain of Apis mellifera honey after exposure during the larval phase
Grantee:Priscila Sepulveda Friol
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 12/13370-8 - How is the reaction of the Apis mellifera brain to a sublethal dose of thiamethoxam?
Grantee:Thaisa Cristina Roat
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/50197-2 - Action of products used in cultivation of sugar cane on non-target organisms
Grantee:Carmem Silvia Fontanetti Christofoletti
Support Opportunities: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants