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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

First report of naturally infected Aedes aegypti with chikungunya virus genotype ECSA in the Americas

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Costa-da-Silva, Andre Luis ; Ioshino, Rafaella Sayuri ; Petersen, Vivian ; Lima, Antonio Fernando ; Cunha, Marielton dos Passos ; Wiley, Michael R. ; Ladner, Jason T. ; Prieto, Karla ; Palacios, Gustavo ; Costa, Danuza Duarte ; Suesdek, Lincoln ; de Andrade Zanotto, Paolo Marinho ; Capurro, Margareth Lara
Total Authors: 13
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; v. 11, n. 6 JUN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 28
Abstract

Background The worldwide expansion of new emergent arboviruses such as Chikungunya and Zika reinforces the importance in understanding the role of mosquito species in spreading these pathogens in affected regions. This knowledge is essential for developing effective programs based on species specificity to avoid the establishment of endemic transmission cycles sustained by the identified local vectors. Although the first autochthonous transmission of Chikungunya virus was described in 2014 in the north of Brazil, the main outbreaks were reported in 2015 and 2016 in the northeast of Brazil. Methodology/Principal findings During 5 days of February 2016, we collected mosquitoes in homes of 6 neighborhoods of Aracaju city, the capital of Sergipe state. Four mosquito species were identified but Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti were the most abundant. Field-caught mosquitoes were tested for Chikungunya (CHIKV), Zika (ZIKV) and Dengue viruses (DENV) by qRT-PCR and one CHIKV-infected Ae. aegypti female was detected. The complete sequence of CHIKV genome was obtained from this sample and phylogenetic analysis revealed that this isolate belongs to the East-Central-South-African (ECSA) genotype. Conclusions Our study describes the first identification of a naturally CHIKV-infected Ae. aegypti in Brazil and the first report of a CHIKV from ECSA genotype identified in this species in the Americas. These findings support the notion of Ae. aegypti being a vector involved in CHIKV outbreaks in northeast of Brazil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/19921-9 - Improvement and evaluation of Aedes aegypti transgenic lines to control dengue transmission
Grantee:Margareth de Lara Capurro-Guimarães
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/08204-2 - Genetic and phylodynamics diversity of emerging and re-emerging arboviruses (DENV, ZIKV and CHIKV) in the Northeast and Southeast regions of Brazil, 2014-2016
Grantee:Marielton dos Passos Cunha
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/17766-9 - A systemic approach to study permissivity on the Anticarsia gemmatalis multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AgMNPV)
Grantee:Paolo Marinho de Andrade Zanotto
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/27172-9 - Investigation on the functionality of genes of pathogen-vectors mosquitoes
Grantee:Lincoln Suesdek Rocha
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants