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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

How important is the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor in primate and rodent proximal urethra? Sex differences in the contribution of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor to urethral contractility

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Alexandre, Eduardo C. ; de Oliveira, Mariana G. ; Campos, Rafael ; Kiguti, Luiz R. ; Calmasini, Fabiano B. ; Silva, Fabio H. ; Grant, Andrew D. ; Yoshimura, Naoki ; Antunes, Edson
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-RENAL PHYSIOLOGY; v. 312, n. 6, p. F1026-F1034, JUN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Urethral smooth muscle (USM) contributes to urinary continence by contracting during the urine storage phase, which is mainly mediated by activation of postjunctional alpha(1)-adrenoceptors. Males and females show differences in the functioning of the lower urinary tract and the most common urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). LUTS in men typically occur in association with bladder outlet obstruction, whereas in women urinary urge-incontinence symptoms are more common. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate sex differences in alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtype expression and their importance in proximal urethra contraction in the mouse (C57BL6/J) and marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Contractile responses to phenylephrine, norepinephrine, potassium chloride (KCl), and electrical-field stimulation (EFS) were evaluated. Phenylephrine, norepinephrine, KCl, and EFS produced markedly greater contractions in male mice and marmoset USM compared with females. The sex differences remained unchanged by N-omega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NAME; nitric oxide synthase inhibitor), atropine (muscarinic receptor antagonist), and PPADS (P2X1-purinoceptor antagonist). Additionally, selective alpha(1A) (but not alpha B-1-and alpha D-1(-))-adrenoceptor antagonists significantly reduced phenylephrine-induced USM contractions. qRT-PCR for alpha(-)(1A), B-, and D-adrenoceptor subtypes revealed a marked presence of the alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor subtype in male USM, but not females. Male mouse urethra also exhibited a higher tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA expression. Histomorphometric analysis showed a greater USM area in male than female mice. In conclusion, male mouse and marmoset proximal USM shows strong alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor- induced contractions and abundant alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor expression, whereas alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor-mediated mechanisms are much less important in females. The differential expression of alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in the proximal urethra may contribute to the higher incidence of urinary incontinence in women and obstructed voiding in men. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/02196-2 - Role of oxidative stress and soluble guanylate cyclase degradation in micturition dysfunction of insulin resistant obese mice
Grantee:Eduardo Costa Alexandre
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate