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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

SYSTEMATIC REVISION OF THE NEOTROPICAL CLUB-TAILED SCORPIONS, PHYSOCTONUS, RHOPALURUS, AND TROGLORHOPALURUS, REVALIDATION OF HETEROCTENUS, AND DESCRIPTIONS OF TWO NEW GENERA AND THREE NEW SPECIES (BUTHIDAE: RHOPALURUSINAE)

Author(s):
Esposito, Lauren A. ; Yamaguti, Humberto Y. ; Souza, Claudio A. ; Pinto-Da-Rocha, Ricardo ; Prendini, Lorenzo
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Review article
Source: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History; n. 415, p. 1-134, JUN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 9
Abstract

The Neotropical ``club-tailed{''} scorpions of the genus Rhopalurus Thorell, 1876, and two related genera in family Buthidae C.L. Koch, 1837, i.e., Physoctonus Mello-Leitao, 1934, and Troglorhopalurus Lourenco et al., 2004, are revised, based on a simultaneous phylogenetic analysis of 90 morphological characters and 4260 aligned DNA nucleotides from three mitochondrial and two nuclear gene loci. The monophyletic New World buthid subfamily Rhopalurusinae Bucherl, 1971, to which these scorpions were originally assigned, is redefined, revised diagnoses and a key to identification of its genera and species (except for Centruroides Marx, 1890) provided, and their distributions mapped. The paraphyly of Rhopalurus Thorell, 1876, which comprises several monophyletic groups congruent with its disjunct distribution, justifies its relimitation and that of Troglorhopalurus Lourenco et al., 2004, the revalidation of Heteroctenus Pocock, 1893, and creation of Ischnotelson, gen. nov. (type species: Rhopalurus guanambiensis Lenarducci, Pinto-da-Rocha and Lucas, 2005) and Jaguajir, gen. nov. (type species: Rhopalurus agamemnon C.L. Koch, 1839). Ten new combinations are proposed: Heteroctenus abudi (Armas and Marcano Fondeur, 1987), comb. nov.; Heteroctenus bonettii (Armas, 1999), comb. nov.; Heteroctenus garridoi (Armas, 1974), comb. nov.; Heteroctenus gibarae (Teruel, 2006), comb. nov.; Heteroctenus princeps (Karsch, 1879), comb. nov.; Ischnotelson guanambiensis (Lenarducci, Pinto-da-Rocha and Lucas, 2005), comb. nov.; Jaguajir agamemnon (C.L. Koch, 1839), comb. nov.; Jaguajir pintoi (Mello-Leitao, 1932), comb. nov.; Jaguajir rochae (Borelli, 1910), comb. nov.; Troglorhopalurus lacrau (Lourenco and Pinto-da-Rocha, 1997), comb. nov. Three new species are described: Ischnotelson peruassu, sp. nov. (type locality: Parque Estadual do Peruassu, Minas Gerias, Brazil); Physoctonus striatus, sp. nov. (type locality: Castelo do Piaui, Piaui, Brazil); Rhopalurus ochoai, sp. nov. (type locality: San Agustin, Edo. Zulia, Venezuela). Fifteen new junior subjective synonyms are proposed: Rhopalurus acromelas Lutz and Mello, 1922, Rhopalurus melleipalpus Lutz and Mello, 1922, Rhopalurus iglesiasi Werner, 1927, Rhopalurus lambdophorus Mello-Leitao, 1932, Rhopalurus dorsomaculatus Prado, 1938, and Rhopalurus goiasensis Prado, 1940 = Jaguajir agamemnon (C.L. Koch, 1839); Rhopalurus pintoi kourouensis Lourenco, 2008 = Jaguajir pintoi (Mello-Leitao, 1932); Rhopalurus crassicauda Caporiacco, 1947, Rhopalurus amazonicus Lourenco, 1986, and Rhopalurus crassicauda paruensis Lourenco, 2008 = Rhopalurus laticauda Thorell, 1876; Rhopalurus melloleitaoi Teruel and Armas, 2006, and Rhopalurus aridicola (Teruel and Armas, 2012) = Heteroctenus junceus (Herbst, 1800); Rhopalurus granulimanus Teruel, 2006 = Heteroctenus gibarae (Teruel, 2006); Rhopalurus virkii Santiago-Blay, 2009 = Heteroctenus abudi (Armas and Marcano Fondeur, 1987); Rhopalurus brejo Lourenco, 2014 = Troglorhopalurus lacrau (Lourenco and Pinto-da-Rocha, 1997). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/25325-5 - Evolution of the arachnids of the order Opiliones from Brazilian Atlantic rain forest: a survey from population to high taxonomical level (Arachnida, Opiliones, Gonyleptidae)
Grantee:Ricardo Pinto da Rocha
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research