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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Influence of temperature on the antioxidant responses and lipid peroxidation of two species of tadpoles (Rhinella schneideri and Physalaemus nattereri) exposed to the herbicide sulfentrazone (Boral 500SC (R))

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Freitas, Juliane Silberschmidt ; Teresa, Fabricio Barreto ; de Almeida, Eduardo Alves
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 6

Amphibians can experience large temperature fluctuations in their habitats, especially during the larval stage, when tadpoles are restricted to small and ephemeral ponds. Changes in water temperature can alter development, metabolism and behaviour of cold-blooded animals but also the toxicokinetics of chemicals in the environment. In Brazil, pesticides application is intensified during the rainy season, which is the period of reproduction for many amphibian species. We evaluated here the influence of temperature (28, 32, and 36 degrees C) on the toxicity of the herbicide sulfentrazone (Boral (R) SC) in tadpoles of Physalaemtts nattereri and Rhinella schneideri, by analysis of oxidative stress biomarkers. Exposure of tadpoles to sulfentrazone altered the antioxidant enzymes activities and induced lipid peroxidation with temperature-associated responses. Catalase, superoxide dismutase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) were impaired by combined effect of temperature and sulfentrazone in both species. G6PDH was increased in most groups exposed to 36 degrees C. Biotransformation enzyme glutathione-S-transferase had more evident alterations in P. nattereri at higher temperatures and changes in tGSH contents presented different patterns between the species. Lipid peroxidation was particularly induced in tadpoles of P. nattereri. Integrated biomarker response (IBR) index indicated a synergic effect of temperature and sulfentrazone for tadpoles of P. nattereri, while the IBR was mainly influenced by temperature in R. schneideri. Our study showed that temperature modulates biochemical responses in tadpoles exposed to sulfentrazone with a species-specific pattern. These findings imply that the effects of abiotic factors should be taken into account to evaluate the real risks of exposure of amphibians to commonly used pesticides. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/16948-3 - Influence of the temperature in the toxicity of herbicides 500SC® and Gamit® in tadpoles of Eupemphix nattereri (Leptodactylidae) and Rhinella schneideri (Bufonidae)
Grantee:Juliane Silberschmidt Freitas
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate