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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Melatonin Reduces Angiogenesis in Serous Papillary Ovarian Carcinoma of Ethanol-Preferring Rats

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Zonta, Yohan Ricci ; Martinez, Marcelo ; Camargo, Isabel Cristina C. ; Domeniconi, Raquel F. ; Lupi Junior, Luiz Antonio ; Pinheiro, Patricia Fernanda F. ; Reiter, Russel J. ; Martinez, Francisco Eduardo ; Chuffa, Luiz Gustavo A.
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 21

Angiogenesis is a hallmark of ovarian cancer (OC); the ingrowth of blood vessels promotes rapid cell growth and the associated metastasis. Melatonin is a well-characterized indoleamine that possesses important anti-angiogenic properties in a set of aggressive solid tumors. Herein, we evaluated the role of melatonin therapy on the angiogenic signaling pathway in OC of an ethanol-preferring rat model that mimics the same pathophysiological conditions occurring in women. OC was chemically induced with a single injection of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a) anthracene (DMBA) under the ovarian bursa. After the rats developed serous papillary OC, half of the animals received intraperitoneal injections of melatonin (200 mu g/100 g body weight/day) for 60 days. Melatonin-treated animals showed a significant reduction in OC size and microvessel density. Serum levels of melatonin were higher following therapy, and the expression of its receptor MT1 was significantly increased in OC-bearing rats, regardless of ethanol intake. TGF beta 1, a transforming growth factor-beta1, was reduced only after melatonin treatment. Importantly, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was severely reduced after melatonin therapy in animals given or not given ethanol. Conversely, the levels of VEGF receptor 1 (VEGFR1) was diminished after ethanol consumption, regardless of melatonin therapy, and VEGFR2 was only reduced following melatonin. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 alpha was augmented with ethanol consumption, and, notably, melatonin significantly reduced their levels. Collectively, our results suggest that melatonin attenuates angiogenesis in OC in an animal model of ethanol consumption; this provides a possible complementary therapeutic opportunity for concurrent OC chemotherapy. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/03993-9 - Effect of P-MAPA immunomodulator associated to interleukin-12 on Ovarian Cancer: in vitro and in vivo approaches involving the inflammatory process and immune system
Grantee:Luiz Gustavo de Almeida Chuffa
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/02466-7 - Induction of ovarian tumor and influence of melatonin on inflammatory signaling pathway mediated by Toll-like receptor 4 in UChB rats
Grantee:Luiz Gustavo de Almeida Chuffa
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/16315-6 - Induction of ovarian cancer and the influence of melatonin therapy on angiogenesis in the UChB rats
Grantee:Yohan Ricci Zonta
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation