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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Production, nutrient cycling and soil compaction to grazing of grass companion cropping with corn and soybean

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Pariz, Cristiano M. ; Costa, Ciniro ; Crusciol, Carlos A. C. ; Meirelles, Paulo R. L. ; Castilhos, Andre M. ; Andreotti, Marcelo ; Costa, Nidia R. ; Martello, Jorge M. ; Souza, Daniel M. ; Protes, Verena M. ; Longhini, Vanessa Z. ; Franzluebbers, Alan J.
Total Authors: 12
Document type: Journal article
Source: NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS; v. 108, n. 1, SI, p. 35-54, MAY 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Agricultural management systems are needed to simultaneously enhance production, promote plant diversity, improve nutrient cycling and reduce soil compaction. We investigated the effects of intercropped forage grass on production of corn (Zea mays L.) harvested for silage at 0.20 and 0.45 mheight in the summer, as well as on production of subsequent forage, soybean {[}Glycine max (L.) Merr.] harvested for silage, nutrient cycling and soil responses on a Typic Haplorthox in Botucatu, Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Palisade grass cv. BRS Piata {[}Urochloa brizantha cv. BRS Piata ] was the introduced companion crop with corn (Years 1 and 2), while signal grass {[}Urochloa decumbens cv. Basilisk] was the residual weedy species in comparison. Guineagrass cv. Aruana {[}Megathyrsus maximus cv. Aruana] was the introduced companion crop with soybean (Year 3), with only a residual effect of crop systems from the previous two years. After the corn silage harvest, pasture was grazed by lambs in winter/spring using a semi-feedlot system. When cut at 0.45 m compared with 0.20 m height, corn intercropped with palisade grass had greater leaf nutrient concentration, improved agronomic characteristics, forage mass of pasture for grazing by lambs, greater surface mulch produced, and greater quantity of N, P and K returned to soil. Greater soil organic matter, P, K and Mg concentration, and base saturation in the surface soil depth and lower soil penetration resistance at all depths occurred at 0.45 m than at 0.20 m corn silage cutting height intercropped with palisade grass. Analyzing the system as a whole, harvesting corn silage crop with palisade grass intercrop at 0.45 m height was the most viable option in this integrated crop-livestock system. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/12992-0 - Technical and economic performance of the corn harvest height for silage in intercrop with Brachiaria brizantha cultivars and oats overseeded in the sheep production
Grantee:Cristiano Magalhães Pariz
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/12155-3 - Corn intercrop with cultivars of Brachiaria brizantha for silage and oats over seeded in the lambs production in crop-livestock integration system
Grantee:Ciniro Costa
Support type: Regular Research Grants