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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Toxicological effects of graphene oxide on adult zebrafish (Danio rerio)

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Souza, Jaqueline P. ; Baretta, Jessica F. ; Santos, Fabricio ; Paino, Ieda M. M. ; Zucolotto, Valtencir
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY; v. 186, p. 11-18, MAY 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 33

Graphene exhibits unique physical and chemical properties that facilitate its application in many fields, including electronics and biomedical areas. However, the use of graphene and its derivatives could result in accumulation in aquatic environments, and the risks posed by these compounds for organisms are not completely understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of graphene oxide (GO) on adult zebrafish (Danio rerio). Experimental fish were exposed to 2, 10 or 20 mg L-1 GO, and the cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and oxidative stress were assessed. The morphology of the gills and liver tissues was also analyzed. Graphene oxide exposure led to an increase in the number of gill cells that were in early apoptotic and necrotic stages, but genotoxicity was not observed in blood cells. We also observed the generation of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in gill cells. Structural analysis revealed injuries to gill tissues, including a dilated marginal channel, lamellar fusion, clubbed tips, swollen mucocytes, epithelial lifting, aneurysms, and necrosis. Liver tissues also presented lesions such as peripherally located nuclei. Furthermore, hepatocytes exhibited a non-uniform shape, picnotic nuclei, vacuole formation, cell rupture, and necrosis. Our results showed that sub-lethal doses of graphene oxide could be harmful to fish species and thus represent risks for the aquatic food chain. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/13493-8 - Evaluating the toxic effects of graphene oxide and gold nanorods on aquatic organisms
Grantee:Jaqueline Pérola de Souza
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate