Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Food restriction increase the expression of mTORC1 complex genes in the skeletal muscle of juvenile pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus)

Full text
Show less -
de Paula, Tassiana Gutierrez ; Thomazini Zanella, Bruna Tereza ; de Almeida Fantinatti, Bruno Evaristo ; de Moraes, Leonardo Nazario ; da Silva Duran, Bruno Oliveira ; de Oliveira, Caroline Bredariol ; Simoes Salomao, Rondinelle Artur ; da Silva, Rafaela Nunes ; Padovani, Carlos Roberto ; dos Santos, Vander Bruno ; Mareco, Edson Assuncao ; Carvalho, Robson Francisco ; Dal-Pai-Silva, Maeli
Total Authors: 13
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 12, n. 5 MAY 15 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 9

Skeletal muscle is capable of phenotypic adaptation to environmental factors, such as nutrient availability, by altering the balance between muscle catabolism and anabolism that in turn coordinates muscle growth. Small noncoding RNAs, known as microRNAs (miRNAs), repress the expression of target mRNAs, and many studies have demonstrated that miRNAs regulate the mRNAs of catabolic and anabolic genes. We evaluated muscle morphology, gene expression of components involved in catabolism, anabolism and energetic metabolism and miRNAs expression in both the fast and slow muscle of juvenile pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) during food restriction and refeeding. Our analysis revealed that short periods of food restriction followed by refeeding predominantly affected fast muscle, with changes in muscle fiber diameter and miRNAs expression. There was an increase in the mRNA levels of catabolic pathways components (FBXO25, ATG12, BCL2) and energetic metabolism-related genes (PGC1 alpha and SDHA), together with a decrease in PPAR beta/delta mRNA levels. Interestingly, an increase in mRNA levels of anabolic genes (PI3K and mTORC1 complex: mTOR, mLST8 and RAPTOR) was also observed during food restriction. After refeeding, muscle morphology showed similar patterns of the control group; the majority of genes were slightly up-or down-regulated in fast and slow muscle, respectively; the levels of all miRNAs increased in fast muscle and some of them decreased in slow muscle. Our findings demonstrated that a short period of food restriction in juvenile pacu had a considerable impact on fast muscle, increasing the expression of anabolic (PI3K and mTORC1 complex: mTOR, mLST8 and RAPTOR) and energetic metabolism genes. The miRNAs (miR-1, miR-206, miR-199 and miR-23a) were more expressed during refeeding and while their target genes (IGF-1, mTOR, PGC1 alpha and MAFbx), presented a decreased expression. The alterations in mTORC1 complex observed during fasting may have influenced the rates of protein synthesis by using amino acids from protein degradation as an alternative mechanism to preserve muscle phenotype and metabolic demand maintenance. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/00725-3 - Study of the microRNAs involved in catabolic and anabolic pathways in red and white skeletal muscle of pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) during fasting and re-feeding
Grantee:Bruna Tereza Thomazini Zanella
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 13/25915-1 - Gene expression of anabolic and catabolic components and MicroRNas in skeletal muscle of pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus)during fasting and refeeding conditions
Grantee:Tassiana Gutierrez de Paula
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/16949-2 - Gene expression of genes involved with catabolic and anabolic pathways in red and white muscle of pacu Piaractus mesopotamicus) during fasting and refeeding
Grantee:Bruna Tereza Thomazini Zanella
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation