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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The NLRP3 inflammasome contributes to host protection during Sporothrix schenckii infection

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Goncalves, Amanda Costa ; Ferreira, Lucas Souza ; Manente, Francine Alessandra ; Quinello Gomes de Faria, Carolina Maria ; Polesi, Marisa Campos ; de Andrade, Cleverton Roberto ; Zamboni, Dario Simoes ; Carlos, Iracilda Zeppone
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: IMMUNOLOGY; v. 151, n. 2, p. 154-166, JUN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 17

Sporotrichosis is a mycosis caused by fungi from the Sporothrix schenckii species complex, whose prototypical member is Sporothrix schenckii sensu stricto. Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) recognize and respond to pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and shape the following adaptive immune response. A family of PRRs most frequently associated with fungal recognition is the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR). After PAMP recognition, NLR family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) binds to apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) and caspase-1 to form the NLRP3 inflammasome. When activated, this complex promotes the maturation of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-18 and cell death through pyroptosis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the importance of the NLRP3 inflammasome in the outcome of S. schenckii infection using the following three different knockout (KO) mice: NLRP3(-/-), ASC(-/-) and caspase-1(-/-). All KO mice were more susceptible to infection than the wild-type, suggesting that NLRP3-triggered responses contribute to host protection during S. schenckii infection. Furthermore, the NLRP3 inflammasome appeared to be critical for the ex vivo release of IL-1, IL-18 and IL-17 but not interferon-. Additionally, a role for the inflammasome in shaping the adaptive immune response was suggested by the lower frequencies of type 17 helper T (Th17) cells and Th1/Th17 but not Th1 cells in S. schenckii-infected KO mice. Overall, our results indicate that the NLRP3 inflammasome links the innate recognition of S. schenckii to the adaptive immune response, so contributing to protection against this infection. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/04023-0 - Evaluation of activated isogenic dendritic cells and imiquimod as therapeutic alternative in sporotrichosis on immunosuppressed and immunocompetent animals
Grantee:Iracilda Zeppone Carlos
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/03190-5 - Role of the inflammasome in to fungal infections induced by Sporothrix schenckii
Grantee:Amanda Costa Gonçalves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate