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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The relationship between external knee moments and muscle co-activation in subjects with medial knee osteoarthritis

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Approbato Selistre, Luiz Fernando ; Mattiello, Stela Marcia ; Nakagawa, Theresa Helissa ; Goncalves, Glaucia Helena ; Petrella, Marina ; Jones, Richard Keith
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 4

Purpose: External knee moments are reliable to measure knee load but it does not take into account muscle activity. Considering that muscle co-activation increases compressive forces at the knee joint, identifying relationships between muscle co-activations and knee joint load would complement the investigation of the knee loading in subjects with knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to identify relationships between muscle co-activation and external knee moments during walking in subjects with medial knee osteoarthritis. Methods: 19 controls (11 males, aged 56.6 +/- 5, and BMI 25.2 +/- 3.3) and 25 subjects with medial knee osteoarthritis (12 males, aged 57.3 +/- 5.3, and BMI 28.2 +/- 4) were included in this study. Knee adduction and flexion moments, and co-activation (ratios and sums of quadriceps, hamstring, and gastrocnemius) were assessed during walking and compared between groups. The relationship between knee moments and co-activation was investigated in both groups. Findings: Subjects with knee osteoarthritis presented a moderate and strong correlation between co-activation (ratios and sums) and knee moments. Interpretation: Muscle co-activation should be used to measure the contribution of quadriceps, hamstring, and gastrocnemius on knee loading. This information would cooperate to develop a more comprehensive approach of knee loading in this population. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/23644-0 - Knee adduction moment during gait, hip abductor torque, biomarkers: study of knee osteoarthritis progression
Grantee:Luiz Fernando Approbato Selistre
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate