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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Canine visceral leishmaniasis in the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo: Pintomyia fischeri as potential vector of Leishmania infantum

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Galvis-Ovallos, Fredy ; da Silva, Mariana Dantas ; da Silva Bispo, Giulia Baldaconi ; de Oliveira, Alessandra Gutierrez ; Goncalves Neto, Jose Rodriguez ; Malafronte, Rosely dos Santos ; Bianchi Galati, Eunice Aparecida
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: PARASITE; v. 24, JAN 30 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 12

American visceral leishmaniasis is a zoonosis caused by Leishmania infantum and transmitted mainly by Lutzomyia longipalpis. However, canine cases have been reported in the absence of this species in the Greater Sao Paulo region, where Pintomyia fischeri and Migonemyia migonei are the predominant species. This raises the suspicion that they could be acting as vectors. Therefore, this study sought to investigate specific vector capacity parameters of these species and to compare them with those of Lu. longipalpis s.l. Among these parameters the blood feeding rate, the survival, and the susceptibility to the development of Le. infantum were evaluated for the three species, and the attractiveness of dogs to Pi. fischeri and Mg. migonei was evaluated. The estimated interval between blood meals was shorter for Lu. longipalpis s.l, followed by Pi. fischeri and Mg. migonei. The infection rate with Le. infantum flagellates in Lu. longipalpis was 9.8%, in Pi. fischeri 4.8%, and in Mg. migonei nil. The respective infective life expectancies (days) of Lu. longipalpis, Mg. migonei, and Pi. fischeri were 2.4, 1.94, and 1.68. Both Pi. fischeri and Mg. migonei were captured in the kennel with a predominance (95%) of Pi. fischeri. Considering the great attractiveness of dogs to Pi. fischeri, its susceptibility to infection by Le. infantum, infective life expectancies, and predominance in Greater Sao Paulo, this study presents evidence of Pi. fischeri as a potential vector of this parasite in the region. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/53414-1 - Study of the vectorial capacity of Migonemyia migonei (França) and Pintomyia fischeri (Pinto) (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the transmission of Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum chagasi Cunha & Chagas and Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis Vianna
Grantee:Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants