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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Is Interferential Current Before Pilates Exercises More Effective Than Placebo in Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain?: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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Franco, Katherinne Moura ; Franco, Yuri dos Santos ; de Oliveira, Naiane Bastos ; Miyamoto, Gisela Cristiane ; Santos, Matheus Oliveira ; Liebano, Richard Eloin ; Cabral, Cristina Nunes
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 6

Objective: To determine whether interferential current (IFC) before Pilates exercises is more effective than placebo in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. Design: Two-arm randomized controlled trial, with a blinded assessor, and 6 months follow-up. Setting: Clinic of a school of physical therapy. Participants: The random sample consisted of patients (N=148) of both sexes, with age between 18 and 80 years and chronic nonspecific low back pain. In addition, participants were recruited by disclosure of the treatment in the media. Interventions: Patients were allocated into 2 groups: active IFC + Pilates or placebo IFC + Pilates. In the first 2 weeks, patients were treated for 30 minutes with active or placebo IFC. In the following 4 weeks, 40 minutes of Pilates exercises were added after the application of the active or placebo IFC. A total of 18 sessions were offered during 6 weeks. Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome measures were pain intensity, pressure pain threshold, and disability measured at 6 weeks after randomization. Results: No significant differences were found between the groups for pain (0.1 points; 95% confidence interval, -0.9 to 1.0 points), pressure pain threshold (25.3kPa; 95% confidence interval, -4.4 to 55.0kPa), and disability (0.4 points; 95% confidence interval, -1.3 to 2.2). However, there was a significant difference between baseline and 6-week and 6-month follow-ups in the intragroup analysis for all outcomes (P<.05), except pressure pain threshold in the placebo IFC + Pilates group. Conclusions: These findings suggest that active IFC before Pilates exercise is not more effective than placebo EEC with respect to the outcomes assessed in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain. (C) 2016 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/17303-6 - Effectiveness of the addition of the interferential current over the Pilates method in the treatment of patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial
Grantee:Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral
Support type: Regular Research Grants