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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Polyomavirus Detection in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Under Natalizumab Therapy: Profile and Frequency of Urinary Shedding

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Nali, Luiz Henrique ; Fink, Maria Cristina ; do Olival, Guilherme S. ; Moraes, Lenira ; Callegaro, Dagoberto ; Tilbery, Charles Peter ; Vidal, Jose Ernesto ; Sumita, Laura Masami ; Penalva de Oliveira, Augusto C. ; Romano, Camila M.
Total Authors: 10
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Medical Virology; v. 89, n. 3, p. 528-534, MAR 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Patients undergoing Natalizumab (NTZ) therapy are at risk of progressive multifocal leukoence-phalopathy (PML). Besides John Cunningham virus (JCV), BK polyomavirus might represent an additional concern for such patients since it can also infect CNS cells. Currently, data regarding the presence of anti-JCV antibodies added to previous immunosuppressive therapy and prolonged NTZ therapy has been used to classify patients at risk of developing PML. Here, we investigated the profile shedding of JCV and BKV in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients during treatment with NTZ. Serial blood and urine samples from 97 MS patients receiving either NTZ or beta-interferon were investigated for polyomavirus shedding. While all blood samples tested negative, 36% of the patients shed polyomavirus in the urine in at least one time point. From these, 21.7%, 9.3%, and 5.1% shed JCV, BKV, and both polyomavirus, respectively. No difference was observed between the rates of urinary shedding of patients treated with NTZ (38.9%) and patients treated with other drugs (34.5%), also no PML event was diagnosed during the follow-up. Therefore, urinary shedding might not be interfered by therapy condition. In our study, we also observed 14/ 27 (52%) of anti-JCV antibodies prevalence, and nearly half of them (42%) did not present any event of urinary shedding during the follow-up. (C) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/10619-0 - Investigation of latent viruses in patients with multiple sclerosis under treatment with Natalizumab
Grantee:Camila Malta Romano
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants