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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Quantifying Effects of Pharmacological Blockers of Cardiac Autonomous Control Using Variability Parameters

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Author(s):
Miyabara, Renata ; Berg, Karsten ; Kraemer, Jan F. ; Baltatu, Ovidiu C. ; Wessel, Niels ; Campos, Luciana A.
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY; v. 8, JAN 23 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the most sensitive heart rate and blood pressure variability (HRV and BPV) parameters from a given set of well-known methods for the quantification of cardiovascular autonomic function after several autonomic blockades. Methods: Cardiovascular sympathetic and parasympathetic functions were studied in freely moving rats following peripheral muscarinic (methylatropine), (beta 1-adrenergic (metoprolol), muscarinic-adrenergic, alpha 1-adrenergic (prazosin), and ganglionic (hexamethonium) blockades. Time domain, frequency domain and symbolic dynamics measures for each of HRV and BPV were classified through paired Wilcoxon test for all autonomic drugs separately. In order to select those variables that have a high relevance to, and stable influence on our target measurements (HRV, BPV) we used Fisher's Method to combine the p-value of multiple tests. Results: This analysis led to the following best set of cardiovascular variability parameters: The mean normal beat-to-beat-interval/value (HRV/BPV: meanNN), the coefficient of variation (cvNN = standard deviation over meanNN) and the root mean square differences of successive (RMSSD) of the time domain analysis. In frequency domain analysis the very-low-frequency (VLF) component was selected. From symbolic dynamics Shannon entropy of the word distribution (FVVSHANNON) as well as POLVAR3, the non-linear parameter to detect intermittently decreased variability, showed the best ability to discriminate between the different autonomic blockades. Conclusion: Throughout a complex comparative analysis of HRV and BPV measures altered by a set of autonomic drugs, we identified the most sensitive set of informative cardiovascular variability indexes able to pick up the modifications imposed by the autonomic challenges. These indexes may help to increase our understanding of cardiovascular sympathetic and parasympathetic functions in translational studies of experimental diseases. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/06698-0 - Mathematical biomarkers for autonomic regulation of cardiovascular system
Grantee:Luciana Aparecida Campos Baltatu
Support type: Regular Research Grants