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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus durans isolated from cheese: Survival in the presence of medications under simulated gastrointestinal conditions and adhesion properties

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Amaral, Daniel M. F. ; Silva, Luana F. ; Casarotti, Sabrina N. ; Sousa Nascimento, Liane Caroline ; Penna, Ana Lucia B.
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE; v. 100, n. 2, p. 933-949, FEB 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 6

In this study, we evaluated the survival of Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus durans, isolated from cheese, in the presence of medications and under simulated in vitro gastrointestinal conditions. The presence of genes encoding virulence factors, the susceptibility to antimicrobial agents, and adhesion properties were also assessed. Enterococcus faecium and E. durans both exhibited resistance to most of the tested medications but showed a large sensitivity to analgesics and antihypertensives; they also showed wide susceptibility to antimicrobial agents. Enterococcus durans SJRP29 had greater resistance to the presence of medications in comparison with the probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus La-5. The strains, except for E. durans SJRP05, did not harbor virulence genes. Enterococcus durans SJRP14, SJRP17, and SJRP26 were sensitive to all tested antimicrobial agents. Enterococcus faecium was more stable during the simulation of gastrointestinal tract and showed greater viability. At the end of the assay, except for E. durans SJRP17, all strains showed high viability (>7 log cfu/mL). Enterococcus durans SJRP29 stood out from the other strains and was selected for further evaluation; it tolerated up to 3.0% NaCl at 30 and 37 degrees C, besides having good adhesion properties (high values of auto-aggregation, co-aggregation, and hydrophobicity). Additionally, the microorganism did not show bile salt hydrolase activity or mucin degradation. These results encourage carrying out additional tests to evaluate the probiotic features by using in vitro dynamic models and in vivo tests before applying these strains to a food system. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/02131-8 - Selection and incorporation of a strain with probiotic potential to a food matrix supplemented with dietary fiber and effect of the symbiotic fermented product on the intestinal microbiota in the simulator of the human microbial ecosystem
Grantee:Ana Lúcia Barretto Penna
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/11922-0 - Evaluation of evolution of autocthonous lactic microflora isolated from water-buffalo mozzarella cheese
Grantee:Ana Lúcia Barretto Penna
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants