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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Polarimetric radar characteristics of storms with and without lightning activity

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Mattos, Enrique V. ; Machado, Luiz A. T. ; Williams, Earle R. ; Albrecht, Rachel I.
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES; v. 121, n. 23, p. 14201-14220, DEC 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 5

This paper analyzes the cloud microphysics in different layers of storms as a function of three-dimensional total lightning density. A mobile X-band polarimetric radar and very high frequency (VHF) sources from Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) observations during the 2011/2012 Brazil spring-summer were used to determine the microphysical signatures of radar vertical profiles and lightning density. This study quantified the behavior of 5.3 million vertical profiles of the horizontal reflectivity (Z(H)), differential reflectivity (Z(DR)), specific differential phase (K-DP), and correlation coefficient (rho(HV)). The principal changes in the polarimetric variables occurred only for VHF source rate density greater than 14 VHF sources per km(2) in 4 min. These storms showed an enhanced positive K-DP in the mixed 1 layer (from 0 to - 15 degrees C) probably associated with supercooled liquid water signatures, whereas regions with negative ZDR and KDP and moderate ZH in the mixed 2 layer (from - 15 to - 40 degrees C) were possibly associated with the presence of conical graupel. The glaciated (above - 40 degrees C) and upper part of the mixed 2 layers showed a significant trend to negative K-DP with an increase in lightning density, in agreement with vertical alignment of ice particle by the cloud electric field. A conceptual model that presents the microphysical signatures in storms with and without lightning activity was constructed. The observations documented in this study provide an understanding of how the combinations of polarimetric variables could help to identify storms with different lightning density and vice versa. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/15235-8 - Cloud processes of the main precipitation systems in Brazil: a contribution to cloud resolving modeling and to the GPM (Global Precipitation Measurement)
Grantee:Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/18217-0 - The impact of cloud microphysics on thunderstorms electrification
Grantee:Enrique Vieira Mattos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate