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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Challenges in Evaluating the Severity of Fibropapillomatosis: A Proposal for Objective Index and Score System for Green Sea Turtles (Chelonia mydas) in Brazil

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Rossi, Silmara ; Sanchez-Sarmiento, Angelica Maria ; Thijl Vanstreels, Ralph Eric ; dos Santos, Robson Guimaraes ; Setim Prioste, Fabiola Eloisa ; Gattamorta, Marco Aurelio ; Hildebrand Grisi-Filho, Jose Henrique ; Matushima, Eliana Reiko
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 11, n. 12 DEC 9 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Fibropapillomatosis (FP) is a neoplastic disease that affects marine turtles worldwide, especially green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas). FP tumors can develop on the body surface of marine turtles and also internally in the oral cavity and viscera. Depending on their quantity, size and anatomical distribution, these tumors can interfere with hydrodynamics and the ability to feed, hence scoring systems have been proposed in an attempt to quantify the clinical manifestation of FP. In order to establish a new scoring system adapted to geographic regions, we examined 214 juvenile green sea turtles with FP caught or rescued at Brazilian feeding areas, counted their 7466 tumors and classified them in relation to their size and anatomical distribution. The patterns in quantity, size and distribution of tumors revealed interesting aspects in the clinical manifestation of FP in specimens studied in Brazil, and that FP scoring systems developed for other areas might not perform adequately when applied to sea turtles on the Southwest Atlantic Ocean. We therefore propose a novel method to evaluate the clinical manifestation of FP: fibropapillomatosis index (FPI) that provides the Southwest Atlantic fibropapillomatosis score (FPSswA). In combination, these indexing and scoring systems allow for a more objective, rapid and detailed evaluation of the severity of FP in green sea turtles. While primarily designed for the clinical manifestation of FP currently witnessed in our dataset, this index and the score system can be adapted for other areas and compare the characteristics of the disease across regions. In conclusion, scoring systems to classify the severity of FP can assist our understanding on the environmental factors that modulate its development and its impacts on the individual and population health of green sea turtles. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/01781-8 - Assessment of cellular function of leukocytes by flow cytometry and the influence of polychlorinated biphenyls in the development of fibropapillomatosis in Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758) (Testudines, Cheloniidae).
Grantee:Silmara Rossi
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 09/53956-9 - Study of avian malaria in Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) kept in selected Brazilian coast rehabilitation centers
Grantee:Ralph Eric Thijl Del Val Onoro Vanstreels
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 11/04565-7 - Presence of environmental contaminants in tissues of green turtle (Chelonia mydas) from the brazilian coast: prevalence study in animals affected by fibropapilomatosis
Grantee:Angelica Maria Sanchez Sarmiento
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 12/14319-6 - Ecology and etiology of fibropapillomatosis in Chelonia mydas (Testudines, Cheloniidae) populations: structure of populations and the role of polychlorinated biphenyls and toxic potentially metals for the development of diseases
Grantee:Eliana Reiko Matushima
Support type: Regular Research Grants