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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Gene expression differences in Longissimus muscle of Nelore steers genetically divergent for residual feed intake

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Tizioto, Polyana C. ; Coutinho, Luiz L. ; Oliveira, Priscila S. N. ; Cesar, Aline S. M. ; Diniz, Wellison J. S. ; Lima, Andressa O. ; Rocha, Marina I. ; Decker, Jared E. ; Schnabel, Robert D. ; Mourao, Gerson B. ; Tullio, Rymer R. ; Zerlotini, Adhemar ; Taylor, Jeremy F. ; Regitano, Luciana C. A.
Total Authors: 14
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 6, DEC 22 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 13
Abstract

Residual feed intake (RFI), a measure of feed efficiency (FE), is defined as the difference between the observed and the predictable feed intake considering size and growth of the animal. It is extremely important to beef production systems due to its impact on the allocation of land areas to alternative agricultural production, animal methane emissions, food demand and cost of production. Global differential gene expression analysis between high and low RFI groups (HRFI and LRFI: less and more efficient, respectively) revealed 73 differentially expressed (DE) annotated genes in Longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle of Nelore steers. These genes are involved in the overrepresented pathways Metabolism of Xenobiotics by Cytochrome P450 and Butanoate and Tryptophan Metabolism. Among the DE transcripts were several proteins related to mitochondrial function and the metabolism of lipids. Our findings indicate that observed gene expression differences are primarily related to metabolic processes underlying oxidative stress. Genes involved in the metabolism of xenobiotics and antioxidant mechanisms were primarily down-regulated, while genes responsible for lipid oxidation and ketogenesis were up-regulated in HRFI group. By using LT muscle, this study reinforces our previous findings using liver tissue and reveals new genes and likely tissue-specific regulators playing key-roles in these processes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/23638-8 - Molecular basis of meat quality in Nelore beef cattle
Grantee:Luciana Correia de Almeida Regitano
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/17778-4 - Tanscriptomic profile of extreme animals for feed efficiency of Nelore breed
Grantee:Polyana Cristine Tizioto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/13555-3 - Gene expression profiling in hepatic tissue of Nelore steers with divergent profiles for residual feed intake
Grantee:Polyana Cristine Tizioto
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor