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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Density and P-wave velocity structure beneath the Parana Magmatic Province: Refertilization of an ancient lithospheric mantle

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Chaves, Carlos ; Ussami, Naomi ; Ritsema, Jeroen
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS; v. 17, n. 8, p. 3054-3074, AUG 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 7

We estimate density and P-wave velocity perturbations in the mantle beneath the southeastern South America plate from geoid anomalies and P-wave traveltime residuals to constrain the structure of the lithosphere underneath the Parana Magmatic Province (PMP) and conterminous geological provinces. Our analysis shows a consistent correlation between density and velocity anomalies. The P-wave speed and density are 1% and 15 kg/m(3) lower, respectively, in the upper mantle under the Late Cretaceous to Cenozoic alkaline provinces, except beneath the Goias Alkaline Province (GAP), where density (+20 kg/m(3)) and velocity (+0.5%) are relatively high. Underneath the PMP, the density is higher by about 50 kg/m(3) in the north and 25 kg/m(3) in the south, to a depth of 250-300 km. These values correlate with high-velocity perturbations of +0.5% and +0.3%, respectively. Profiles of density perturbation versus depth in the upper mantle are different for the PMP and the adjacent Archean SAo Francisco (SFC) and Amazonian (AC) cratons. The Paleoproterozoic PMP basement has a high-density root. The density is relatively low in the SFC and AC lithospheres. A reduction of density is a typical characteristic of chemically depleted Archean cratons. A more fertile Proterozoic and Phanerozoic subcontinental lithospheric mantle has a higher density, as deduced from density estimates of mantle xenoliths of different ages and composition. In conjunction with Re-Os isotopic studies of the PMP basalts, chemical and isotopic analyses of peridodite xenoliths from the GAP in the northern PMP, and electromagnetic induction experiments of the PMP lithosphere, our density and P-wave speed models suggest that the densification of the PMP lithosphere and flood basalt generation are related to mantle refertilization. Metasomatic refertilization resulted from the introduction of asthenospheric components from the mantle wedge above Proterozoic subduction zones, which surrounded the Parana lithosphere. The high-density PMP lithosphere is presently gravitationally unstable and prone to delamination. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/50493-8 - Crustal and lithospheric mantle models under the Paraná and Chaco-Paraná basins by merging satellite gravity gradiometry, terrestrial gravimetry and geomagnetic and electromagnetic soundings
Grantee:Icaro Vitorello
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/18511-6 - Joint Inversion of Teleseismic Delay Times and Geoid Anomaly Data: New models for the Lower Crust and Upper Mantle of the Paraná Basin.
Grantee:Carlos Alberto Moreno Chaves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/11908-3 - Joint inversion of teleseismic delay times and geoid anomaly data: implementation of a computational algorithm to map density variations within the mantle
Grantee:Carlos Alberto Moreno Chaves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate