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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Rheumatoid Arthritis Exacerbates the Severity of Osteonecrosis of the Jaws (ONJ) in Mice. A Randomized, Prospective, Controlled Animal Study

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de Molon, Rafael Scaf ; Hsu, Chingyun ; Bezouglaia, Olga ; Dry, Sarah M. ; Pirih, Flavia Q. ; Soundia, Akrivoula ; Cunha, Fernando Queiroz ; Cirelli, Joni Augusto ; Aghaloo, Tara L. ; Tetradis, Sotirios
Total Authors: 10
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research; v. 31, n. 8, p. 1596-1607, AUG 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 9

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an autoimmune inflammatory disorder, results in persistent synovitis with severe bone and cartilage destruction. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are often utilized in RA patients to reduce bone destruction and manage osteoporosis. However, BPs, especially at high doses, are associated with osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ). Here, utilizing previously published ONJ animal models, we are exploring interactions between RA and ONJ incidence and severity. DBA1/J mice were divided into four groups: control, zoledronic acid (ZA), collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), and CIA-ZA. Animals were pretreated with vehicle or ZA. Bovine collagen II emulsified in Freund's adjuvant was injected to induce arthritis (CIA) and the mandibular molar crowns were drilled to induce periapical disease. Vehicle or ZA treatment continued for 8 weeks. ONJ indices were measured by micro-CT (mCT) and histological examination of maxillae and mandibles. Arthritis development was assessed by visual scoring of paw swelling, and by mCT and histology of interphalangeal and knee joints. Maxillae and mandibles of control and CIA mice showed bone loss, periodontal ligament (PDL) space widening, lamina dura loss, and cortex thinning. ZA prevented these changes in both ZA and CIA-ZA groups. Epithelial to alveolar crest distance was increased in the control and CIA mice. This distance was preserved in ZA and CIA-ZA animals. Empty osteocytic lacunae and areas of osteonecrosis were present in ZA and CIA-ZA but more extensively in CIA-ZA animals, indicating more severe ONJ. CIA and CIA-ZA groups developed severe arthritis in the paws and knees. Interphalangeal and knee joints of CIA mice showed advanced bone destruction with cortical erosions and trabecular bone loss, and ZA treatment reduced these effects. Importantly, no osteonecrosis was noted adjacent to areas of articular inflammation in CIA-ZA mice. Our data suggest that ONJ burden was more pronounced in ZA treated CIA mice and that RA could be a risk factor for ONJ development. (C) 2016 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/09968-5 - Evaluation Among Rheumatoid Arthritis, Periodontal Disease and Bisphosphonates to Induce Osteonecrosis of the Jaws in Mice
Grantee:Rafael Scaf de Molon
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate