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NOD2-RIP2-mediated signaling contributes to shape adaptive immunity in visceral leishmaniasis

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Manuela Sales Lima Nascimento
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
João Santana da Silva; Camila Indiani de Oliveira; Ana Maria Ferreira Roselino
Advisor: João Santana da Silva

IFN-? and IL-17A-producing cells are described to be related to protection against Leishmania infantum (L. infantum) infection. How the immune system coordinates, or the parasite manipulates, the balance between Th1 and Th17 during visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is still unknown. We showed here that Th17 is suppressed during L. infantum infection and B cells are an important source of IL-17A in this model. By using Nod2-/- and Rip2-/- mice we characterized this pathway as a negative regulator for Th17 cells in VL. On the other hand, the high level of Th1 induction was dependent on the NOD2-RIP2 signaling in CD8?+XCR1+ dendritic cells (DCs), which was crucial for IL-12 production through the phosphorylation of p38 and JNK. As a consequence, Nod2-/- and Rip2-/- mice showed a Th1 defective response, more Th17, and higher parasite loads compared to WT mice. Together, the data demonstrate that NOD2-RIP2 signaling pathway plays a role in shaping adaptive immunity and promotes protection against VL caused by L. infantum (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/01967-2 - Characterization of the mechanisms involved in the generation and modulation of protective immune response during Leishmania infantum infection
Grantee:Manuela Sales Lima Nascimento
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate