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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Prevalence of rhinitis and associated factors in schoolchildren who live in the Amazon islands

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Freitas, Marly Sarmanho [1] ; Lanza, Fernanda de Cordoba [2, 3] ; Soares Monteiro, Julius Caesar [1] ; Sole, Dirceu [3]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Fed Univ Para, Dept Pediat, BR-66059 Belem, Para - Brazil
[2] Nove de Julho Univ, Div Physiotherapy, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Pediat, Div Allergy Clin Immunol & Rheumatol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY; v. 30, n. 3, p. E79-E82, MAY-JUN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Background: The prevalence of rhinitis has been reported to be higher in urban areas. Objective: To determine the prevalence of rhinitis in schoolchildren who lived on two islands in the Brazilian Amazon, including a rural island and an urban island, and to identify the associated risk factors. Methods: Four hundred children (200 per island) were evaluated by using the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood standard written questionnaire (rhinitis module). A convenience sample for both islands was selected based on the age group of the study (5-8 years). The children were assessed for potential risk factors (complementary written questionnaire) identified by logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of active rhinitis was significantly higher in the children who lived on Outeiro Island compared with Combu Island (34.5% versus 18.0%, respectively). The associated risk factors for rhinitis symptoms on Combu Island included parental history of rhinitis (odds ratio {[}OR] 9.4 {[}95% confidence interval [CI], 2.1-41.4]) and delivery by caesarean-section (OR 5.2 {[}95% CI, 1.2-21.9]), and for Outeiro Island included parental history of rhinitis (OR 4.5 {[}95% CI, 1.7-11.2]) and of asthma (OR 3.8 {[}95% CI, 1.5-9.8]), nocturnal cough in the previous year (OR 5.8 {[}95% CI, 2.1-16.0]), breast-feeding (>= 6 months) (OR 9.6 {[}95% CI, 1.1-82.1]), moisture (OR 2.4 {[}95% CI, 0.9-6.4]), and consumption of fruit juice more than two times a week (OR 4.3 {[}95% CI, 1.2-15.0]). Conclusion: The different risk factors identified for rhinitis on each island indicated the role of the urban environment in the development of the disease. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/53303-5 - Asthma in children and adolescents: knowing more to treat better
Grantee:Dirceu Solé
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Research in Public Policies for the National Health Care System (PP-SUS)