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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Ethanol withdrawal induces anxiety-like effects: Role of nitric oxide synthase in the dorsal raphe nucleus of rats

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Author(s):
Gonzaga, Natalia Almeida [1, 2] ; Batistela, Melissa Resende [1] ; Padovan, Diego [1] ; de Martinis, Bruno Spinosa [3] ; Tirapelli, Carlos Renato [4, 2, 5] ; Padovan, Claudia Maria [4, 1, 3, 6]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Lab Neurobiol Estresse & Depressao, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, Cidade Univ, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Programa Posgrad Farmacol, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, Cidade Univ, BR-14040900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, Cidade Univ, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] INeC, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14049901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Enfermagem Ribeirao Preto, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, Cidade Univ, BR-14040902 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ SCo Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Nucl Pesquisa Neurobiol Emoces NUPNE, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, Cidade Univ, BR-14040900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: ALCOHOL; v. 52, p. 1-8, MAY 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) mediated transmission in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) has been shown to be involved in the modulation of anxiety-like behaviors. We investigated whether inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the DRN would prevent anxiety-like behavior induced by ethanol withdrawal. Male Wistar rats were treated with ethanol 2-6% (v/v) for a period of 21 days. Ethanol withdrawal was induced by abrupt discontinuation of the treatment. Experiments were performed 48 h after ethanol discontinuation. Rats with a guide cannula aimed at the DRN received intra-DRN injections of the non-selective NOS inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), selective neuronal NOS (nNOS) inhibitor N(omega)-propyl-L-arginine (NPLA), or selective inhibitor of inducible NOS (iNOS) N-({[}3-(aminomethyl)phenyl] methyl) ethanimidamidedihydrochloride (1400W). Five minutes later, the animals were tested in the elevated plus maze (EPM). Plasma ethanol levels were determined by gas chromatography. There was a reduction in plasma ethanol levels 48 h after ethanol withdrawal. Rats from the ethanol withdrawal group showed decreased exploration of the open arms of the EPM with no change in the exploration of enclosed arms. Intra-DRN treatment with L-NAME (100 nmoles/0.2 mu L) and 1400W (1 nmol/0.2 mu L), but not NPLA (10 nmoles/0.2 mu L) in the DRN attenuated the decrease in the exploration of the open arms of the EPM induced by ethanol withdrawal. The major new finding of the present study is that iNOS in the DRN plays a role in the anxiety-like behavior induced by ethanol withdrawal. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/00808-8 - Consequences of ethanol withdrawal on the vasculature and the systemic and local renin-angiotensin system (ras)
Grantee:Carlos Renato Tirapelli
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants