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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Variations of ATP and its metabolites in the hippocampus of rats subjected to pilocarpine-induced temporal lobe epilepsy

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Dona, Flavia [1, 2] ; Conceicao, Isaltino Marcelo [3] ; Ulrich, Henning [4] ; Ribeiro, Eliane Beraldi [5] ; Freitas, Thalma Ariani [3] ; Abrahao Nencioni, Ana Leonor [3] ; da Silva Fernandes, Maria Jose [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Neurol & Neurocirurgia, Disciplina Neurociencia, Rua Pedro Toledo, 669-2 Andar, BR-04039032 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Anhanguera Sao Paulo UNIAN, Labo Reabilitacao Equilibrio Corporal & Incl Soci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Inst Butantan, Farmacol Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Bioquim, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Fisiol Disciplina Neurofisiol & Fisiol Endoc, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: PURINERGIC SIGNALLING; v. 12, n. 2, p. 295-302, JUN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Although purinergic receptor activity has lately been associated with epilepsy, little is known about the exact role of purines in epileptogenesis. We have used a rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy induced by pilocarpine to study the dynamics of purine metabolism in the hippocampus during different times of status epilepticus (SE) and the chronic phase. Concentrations of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), and adenosine in normal and epileptic rat hippocampus were determined by microdialysis in combination with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Extracellular ATP concentrations did not vary along 4 h of SE onset. However, AMP concentration was elevated during the second hour, whereas ADP and adenosine concentrations augmented during the third and fourth hour following SE. During chronic phase, extracellular ATP, ADP, AMP, and adenosine concentrations decreased, although these levels again increased significantly during spontaneous seizures. These results suggest that the increased turnover of ATP during the acute period is a compensatory mechanism able to reduce the excitatory role of ATP. Increased adenosine levels following 4 h of SE may contribute to block seizures. On the other hand, the reduction of purine levels in the hippocampus of chronic epileptic rats may result from metabolic changes and be part of the mechanisms involved in the onset of spontaneous seizures. This work provides further insights into purinergic signaling during establishment and chronic phase of epilepsy. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/06502-4 - Characterization of the purinergic system in the temporal lobe epilepsy: approach in the experimental model of pilocarpine
Grantee:Maria José da Silva Fernandes
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 06/61285-9 - Molecular basis of differentiation of stem and neural progenitor cells
Grantee:Alexander Henning Ulrich
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants