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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

INOCULATION OF DIAZOTROPHIC BACTERIA AND NITROGEN FERTILIZATION IN TOPDRESSING IN IRRIGATED CORN

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Author(s):
Longhini, Vanessa Zirondi [1] ; Rossini de Souza, Wesley Carlos [2] ; Andreotti, Marcelo [2] ; Soares, Natalia de Avila [3] ; Costa, Nidia Raquel [4]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Coll Agr Sci & Vet Med, Dept Anim Sci, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Coll Engn, Dept Soil Sci, Ilha Solteira, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Vales Jequetinhonha & Mucuri, Dept Anim Sci, Diamantina, MG - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, Coll Agr Sci, Dept Crop Sci, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: REVISTA CAATINGA; v. 29, n. 2, p. 338-347, 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Corn is a nitrogen-intensive crop, and the use of management practices such as inoculation of the seed with diazotrophic bacteria, which can maximize crop productivity and reduce the need of nitrogen fertilizers, may result in lower production costs. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of inoculation of corn seed with Azospirillum brasilense and controlled addition of nitrogen to topdressing on the nutrition, production components, and productivity of crop grain. The experimental design was a randomized block design, with four replications in a 2 x 5 factorial scheme. The treatments consisted of inoculation or not of corn seed with A. brasilense (at 100 mL per 25 kg of seed) and five nitrogen (N) levels in topdressing (0, 30, 60, 90, and 120 kg N ha(-1) from urea {[}45% N]) were applied when the corn was in the phenological growth stage V6. Foliar macronutrients, foliar chlorophyll index (FCI), production components, and yield of corn grain were valuated. Inoculation of corn seeds with A. brasilense increased plant height and grain yield. Fertilization in topdressing, with N levels up to 120 kg ha(-1), linearly increased the foliar nutrients and productivity of corn cultivated in the spring/summer in the low-altitude Cerrado region of Brazil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/19114-3 - Nitrogen management in corn, with or without inoculation with Azospirillum spp
Grantee:Vanessa Zirondi Longhini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation