Gupta, Vijai K.
Dahms, Tanya E. S.
Silva, Roberto N.
Singh, Harikesh B.
Upadhyay, Ram S.
Gomes, Eriston Vieira
Tsui, Clement Kin-Ming
Nayak, Chandra S.
van der Meer, Jan Roelof
 Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Biochem & Immunol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
 Banaras Hindu Univ, Inst Agr Sci, Dept Mycol & Plant Pathol, Varanasi 221005, Uttar Pradesh - India
 Banaras Hindu Univ, Dept Bot, Varanasi 221005, Uttar Pradesh - India
 Univ British Columbia, Dept Pathol & Lab Med, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4 - Canada
 Univ Mysore, Dept Biotechnol, Mysore 570001, Karnataka - India
Total Affiliations: 8
FEMS MICROBIOLOGY REVIEWS;
Web of Science Citations:
Fungi interact with plants in various ways, with each interaction giving rise to different alterations in both partners. While fungal pathogens have detrimental effects on plant physiology, mutualistic fungi augment host defence responses to pathogens and/or improve plant nutrient uptake. Tropic growth towards plant roots or stomata, mediated by chemical and topographical signals, has been described for several fungi, with evidence of species-specific signals and sensing mechanisms. Fungal partners secrete bioactive molecules such as small peptide effectors, enzymes and secondary metabolites which facilitate colonization and contribute to both symbiotic and pathogenic relationships. There has been tremendous advancement in fungal molecular biology, omics sciences and microscopy in recent years, opening up new possibilities for the identification of key molecular mechanisms in plant-fungal interactions, the power of which is often borne out in their combination. Our fragmentary knowledge on the interactions between plants and fungi must be made whole to understand the potential of fungi in preventing plant diseases, improving plant productivity and understanding ecosystem stability. Here, we review innovative methods and the associated new insights into plant-fungal interactions.The diversity of fungal-plant interactions are reviewed as a function of biochemical, physiological and evolutionary adaptation, which are interconnected at various stages.The diversity of fungal-plant interactions are reviewed as a function of biochemical, physiological and evolutionary adaptation, which are interconnected at various stages. (AU)