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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease: review of a rare autoimmune disease targeting antigens of melanocytes

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Lavezzo, Marcelo Mendes [1] ; Sakata, Viviane Mayumi [1] ; Morita, Celso [1] ; Caso Rodriguez, Ever Ernesto [1] ; Abdallah, Smairah Frutuoso [1] ; da Silva, Felipe T. G. [1] ; Hirata, Carlos Eduardo [1] ; Yamamoto, Joyce Hisae [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Uveitis Serv, Dept Ophthalmol, Rua Diana, 863 Apto 91J, BR-05019000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Web of Science Citations: 21

Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKHD) is a rare granulomatous inflammatory disease that affects pigmented structures, such as eye, inner ear, meninges, skin and hair. This disease is mainly a Th1 lymphocyte mediated aggression to melanocytes after a viral trigger in the presence of HLA-DRB1{*}0405 allele. The absence of ocular trauma or previous intraocular surgery sets VKHD appart from sympathetic ophthalmia, its main differential diagnosis. The disease has an acute onset of bilateral blurred vision with hyperemia preceded by flu-like symptoms. The acute uveitic stage is characterized by a diffuse choroiditis with serous retinal detachment and optic disc hyperemia and edema. Fluorescein angiography in this phase demonstrates multiple early hyperfluorescent points. After the acute uveitic stage, ocular and integumentary system pigmentary changes may appear. Ocular findings may be accompanied by lymphocytic meningitis, hearing impairment and/or tinnitus in a variable proportion of patients. Prompt diagnosis followed by early, aggressive and long-term treatment with high-dose corticosteroids is most often ensued by good visual outcomes. However, some patients may experience chronic uveal inflammation with functional eye deterioration. The current review discusses the general features of VKHD, including epidemiology, classification into categories, differential diagnosis and current therapeutic approaches. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/50936-7 - Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease: parameters for effective treatment in the acute phase and in long-standing disease
Grantee:Joyce Hisae Yamamoto Takiuti
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/19194-4 - Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease: parameters for effective treatment on acute phase and long-standing disease
Grantee:Viviane Mayumi Sakata
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)