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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Hemosporidian parasites of free-living birds in the So Paulo Zoo, Brazil

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Fernandes Chagas, Carolina Romeiro [1] ; Guimares, Lilian de Oliveira [2] ; Monteiro, Eliana Ferreira [2] ; Valkiunas, Gediminas [3] ; Katayama, Michele Viana [4] ; Santos, Stefanie Vanessa [5] ; Vaz Guida, Fernanda Junqueira [1] ; Simoes, Roseli Franca [2] ; Kirchgatter, Karin [2]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Sao Paulo Zool Pk Fdn, Av Miguel Estefano 4241, BR-04301905 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo Inst Trop Med, Malaria Res Ctr, Superintendence Endem Dis Control, Av Dr Eneas Carvalho Aguiar 470, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Nat Res Ctr, Akad 2, LI-08412 Vilnius - Lithuania
[4] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Postgrad Program Ecol & Nat Resources, Rodovia Washington Luis Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Postgrad Program Infectol, Rua Sena Madureira 1500, BR-04021001 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Parasitology Research; v. 115, n. 4, p. 1443-1452, APR 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 12

Numerous studies addressed the diversity of bird Plasmodium and Haemoproteus parasites. However, a few have been carried out in continental avian hotspot regions such as Brazil, a country with markedly different biomes, including Amazon, Brazilian Savanna, Atlantic Forest, Caatinga, Pantanal, and Pampas. We present the first study on hemosporidian (Haemosporida) parasites in free-living birds from an Atlantic Forest fragment where more than 80 avian species have been reported. Within this area, the So Paulo Zoo locates, and it is the fourth largest zoo in the world and the largest in Latin America. A total of 133 free-living bird samples representing 12 species were collected in the zoo, with the overall hemosporidian prevalence of 18 % by PCR-based diagnostics. Twenty-four positive PCR signals were reported from four different bird species, including migratory ones. Columba livia, an urban species, considered nowadays a pest in big cities, showed 100 % prevalence of Haemoproteus spp., mainly Haemoproteus columbae. We discuss the epidemiological importance of new parasites introduced by migratory birds in the So Paulo Zoo area and the risk it poses to the captive species, which are natives or exotics. We also warn about the influence these parasites can have on the biodiversity and the structure of host populations by altering the competitive interaction between the free-living and the captive birds. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/51427-1 - Plasmodium spp. in wild birds from the São Paulo Zoo: species Identification by microscopy and DNA barcoding
Grantee:Karin Kirchgatter Hildebrand
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants